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Artefact ID109
TM IDTM 85872
Findspot (DEChriM ID)12   (Ismant al-Ḫarāb)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

P.KellisCopt. I 21 [P.Kellis V 21]

Personal letter from Makarios to Maria in Coptic (L) with greetings, enquiring about certain fruits mentioned as sent in an earlier letter but apparently not been received likewise money for bread that was announced, therefore pointing out a trustworthy messenger and finally asking for a cushion for a book, 31 lines on recto (plus Greek greeting phrase at the end) with Greek address on verso, loss in middle part

Selection criteriaMention of Christian individuals/communities, Coptic language
Date from350
Date to360
Dating criteria

Archaeological context, dossier connection (Makarios family letters)

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

House 3, room 6, deposit 3 east wall

Accession number

P.KellisCopt. I 21

Inv.-Nr. P69

current location unknown, probably excavation or SCA store rooms


Editio princeps

• Gardner, Iain, Anthony Alcock, and Wolf-Peter Funk. 1999. Coptic Documentary Texts from Kellis I P. Kell. V (P. Kell. Copt. 10–52; O. Kell. Copt. 1–2), Dakhleh Oasis Project: Monograph 9. Oxford: Oxbow Books. 172-174 & pl. 14.

Additional bibliography

• Choat, Malcolm. 2006. Belief and Cult in Fourth-Century Papyri, Studia Antiqua Australiensia 1. Turnhout: Brepols.

• Shisha-Halevy, Ariel. 2002. "An Emerging New Dialect of Coptic."  Orientalia NS 71: 304 (grammatical observations).

Matthias Müller, 2020
Suggested citation
Matthias Müller, 2020, "Artefact ID 109", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links