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Artefact ID110
TM IDTM 85723
Findspot (DEChriM ID)12   (Ismant al-Ḫarāb)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

P.KellisCopt. I 22 [P.Kellis V 22]

Fragmentary personal letter from Makarios to Pesempnouthes, Kyria and Maria acknowledging the receipt of a cushion and oil but other promised commodities said to be sent did not reach him, goes on to admonish other persons for their lack of sending promised things as well, mentions some moral precepts of the community (we are not retaliating against anyone … for what they do against us) and a book, his coming to Egypt (ie the Nile Valley) was delayed, describes the adressee's nephew as persecuted; 85 lines in Coptic (L) on both side and Greek address on verso and Greek formulae

Selection criteriaMention of Christian individuals/communities, Coptic language
Date from350
Date to360
Dating criteria

Archaeological context, dossier connection (Makarios family letters)

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

House 3, room 6, deposit 4 south-east corner

Accession number

P.KellisCopt. I 22

Inv.-Nr. P85C

current location unknown, probably excavation or SCA store rooms


Editio princeps

• Gardner, Iain, Anthony Alcock, and Wolf-Peter Funk. 1999. Coptic Documentary Texts from Kellis I P. Kell. V (P. Kell. Copt. 10–52; O. Kell. Copt. 1–2), Dakhleh Oasis Project: Monograph 9. Oxford: Oxbow Books. 174-181 & pl. 15 (and page opposite).

Additional bibliography

• Choat, Malcolm. 2006. Belief and Cult in Fourth-Century Papyri, Studia Antiqua Australiensia 1. Turnhout: Brepols.

• Shisha-Halevy, Ariel. 2002. "An Emerging New Dialect of Coptic."  Orientalia NS 71: 304 (grammatical observations).

Matthias Müller, 2020
Suggested citation
Matthias Müller, 2020, "Artefact ID 110", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links