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Artefact ID139
TM IDTM 34157
Findspot (DEChriM ID)21   (Qaṣr al-Miqīṣba)
Writing mediumOstracon
Text contentDocumentary

O.Bahria 10; SB XX 14892: Payment order.

Payment order in form of a letter from Athanasios to Petros, priest (per(sbuteros) for presbuteros) of the village of Poka: the latter is instructed to distribute one artaba of barley. The text is dated to August 27, indiction 11.

Selection criteria-
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria

Apart from the palaeographic criteria, this text is part of a Greek ostraca lot (O.Bahria 3, 6, 7 and 10) of which one mentions year 51, that is, according to the Oxyrhynchite era, the year 374/375 (see Wagner 1987: 87 and O.Bahria 6).


Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

This ostracon was uncovered by A. Fakhry during the excavation of the brick buildings around the temple of Alexander the Great (Fakhry 1950: 47 and pl. XXIXa, and Wagner 1987: 86).

Accession number

Cairo, Egyptian Museum, JdE IX 25/7/48/10


Editio princeps:

Wagner, Guy. 1987. Les oasis d'Égypte à l'époque grecque, romaine et byzantine d'après les documents grecs : recherches de papyrologie et d'épigraphie grecques. Bibliothèque d'étude 100, Cairo: Ifao, 91-92.

Additional bibliography:

Fakhry, Ahmed. 1950. The Egyptian Deserts: Baḥria Oasis. Vol. 2. Cairo: Government Press.

Choat, Malcolm. 2006. Belief and Cult in Fourth-Century Papyri. Studia Antiqua Australiensia 1. Turnhout: Brepols, 63-64, 168.

Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 139", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links