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Artefact ID141
TM IDTM 34155
Findspot (DEChriM ID)21   (Qaṣr al-Miqīṣba)
Writing mediumOstracon
Text contentDocumentary

O.Bahria 7; SB XX 14890: Letter from Herakleides to Germanos.

Herakleides is asking his "lord brother" Germanos not to bother Sophia with money issue. Note the Christian onomastics: Sophia and Abraam son of Makarios.

Selection criteria-
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Also, this text is part of a lot (O.Bahria 3, 6, 7 and 10) of which one mentions year 51, that is, according to the Oxyrhynchite era, the year 374/375 (see Wagner 1987: 87 and O.Bahria 6).

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

This ostracon was uncovered by A. Fakhry during the excavation of the brick buildings around the temple of Alexander the Great (Fakhry 1950: 47 and pl. XXVIIIb, and Wagner 1987: 86).

Accession number

Cairo, Egyptian Museum, JdE IX 25/7/48/7


Editio princeps:

Wagner, Guy. 1987. Les oasis d'Égypte à l'époque grecque, romaine et byzantine d'après les documents grecs : recherches de papyrologie et d'épigraphie grecques. Bibliothèque d'étude 100, Cairo: Ifao, 90-91.

Additional bibliography:

Fakhry, Ahmed. 1950. The Egyptian Deserts: Baḥria Oasis. Vol. 2. Cairo: Government Press.


Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 141", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links