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Artefact ID142
TM IDTM 34152
Findspot (DEChriM ID)-   ()
Writing mediumOstracon
Text contentDocumentary

O.Bahria 2; SB XX 14886: Payment order.

Isak instructs the georgos Paulos to provide the praepositus with one chicken for the grape harvest of the 11th indiction. The text is dated to Aug. 16th. Note the Christian onomastics.

Selection criteria-
Date from350
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Wagner (1987: 89) notes that the presence of a praepositus pagi in the Little Oasis would situate this text at the latest before the middle of the 5th century (Rouillard 1928: 53), but the handwriting leads him to date it to the 4th c. and rather to the second half.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

This ostracon was uncovered by A. Fakhry during excavations in Bahariya, among a large collection of Hieratic, Demotic, Coptic and Greek ostraca (Fakhry 1950: 109 and pl. LXc [reproduced upside down], and Wagner 1987: 86).


Accession number

Cairo, Egyptian Museum JdE IX 25/7/48/2


Editio princeps:

Wagner, Guy. 1987. Les oasis d'Égypte à l'époque grecque, romaine et byzantine d'après les documents grecs : recherches de papyrologie et d'épigraphie grecques. Bibliothèque d'étude 100, Cairo: Ifao, 88-89 and pl. XXXVI.

Additional bibliography:

Fakhry, Ahmed. 1950. The Egyptian Deserts: Baḥria Oasis. Vol. 2. Cairo: Government Press.

Rouillard, Germaine. 1928. L'administration civile de l'Égypte byzantine. 2e édition. Paris: Geuthner.

Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 142", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links