|TM ID||TM 10022|
|Findspot (DEChriM ID)||50 (Qaṣr Qārūn)||Class||Textual|
P.Abinn. 22, P.Lond. II 244, SB VI 9023: Letter to Abinnaeus.
Letter from Apollos who informs Abinnaeus that he has reached Alexandria and reports on matters concerning a house of Abinnaeus there. The letter starts with Christian prayers: "Before all things I pray Almighty God (τὸν παντοκράτορα θεὸν) that you may receive my letter in good health, with your household".
On the question whether Abinnaeus, commander of the cavalry (praefectus alae) in Dionysias, was a Christian and for his relationship with monks and clergy, see Bell et al. 1962: 32-33, Barnes 1985: 373-374, Choat 2006: passim, Luijendijk 2008: 35, n. 42, Kaiser 2015: 383, Choat 2017: 47.
Recto: semi-cursive hand, text written along the fibres. Verso: address, along the fibres.
|Selection criteria||Christian terms/formulas/concepts|
Bagnall 1985: 71 suggests a date after 351 (BL VIII 1)
According to Gallazzi (2015: 177-178), all of the dated texts of Abinnaeus archive are dated between 343 and 351 AD, that is, in the period in which Abinnaeus exercised his functions of praepositus of the castra (342-351).
|Absolute/relative date||Relative date|
Purchased as part of a lot comprising Papyri 229-255 from the Reverend Chauncey Murch (b. 1856, d. 1907) on 14 January 1893 (British Library website).
While it was previously thought that Fl. Abinnaeus' archive was found in Philadelpheia where he went to live after his retirement, Gallazzi 2015 argued that Fl. Abinnaeus should have left his papers in his office (or in his lodgings), in Dionysias, when he left the army and handed over the command of the castra to others. The material would have been recovered in Qaṣr Qārūn, at the end of the nineteenth century, by antiquities seekers or sebâkh quarrymen and given to merchants of Medînet el-Fayûm, where they would have been intermingled with the documents recovered at Kharabet el-Gerza (Philadelphia), before reaching European collections.
London, British Library, Pap 244