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Artefact ID222
TM IDTM 16857
Findspot (DEChriM ID)55   (Qarāra)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

P.Lond. VI 1919: Letter to Apa Paieous.

Pennes writes to Apa Paieous, head of the Melitian community in Hathor, sending greetings, compliments and pious thoughts, and announcing that "we shall be called Christians in Christ Χρηστιανοὶ [l. Χριστιανοὶ] κληθή[σο]μ̣εν̣ ἐν Χ(ριστ)ῷ)" (l. 16-17).

Bell (P.Lond. VI 1919 intro) notes that it is not unlikely that this Pennes was the "Piness, presbyteros of the monastery (μονή) of Ptemenkyrkis in the Antaeopolite nome whose letter to John Archaph is quoted by Athanasius.


Hand: hand extremely fluent and in an official vein, large and practiced cursive. (see Bagnall 2018: 97).

Recto: unusually in two columns (but mutilation of col. 1), along fibres. Verso: address along the fibres.

Selection criteriaMention of Christian cult officials/institutions, Mention of Christian individuals/communities, Christian terms/formulas/concepts, Nomina sacra
Date from330
Date to340
Dating criteria

Range of Apa Paieous' archive.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Purchased with a lot comprising Papyri 2543-2551 from Maurice Nahman (b. 1868, d. 1948) in September 1923 (British library website).

Accession number

London, British Library Pap 2547


Editio princeps
· Bell, Harold I. 1924. Jews and Christians in Egypt. The Jewish Troubles in Alexandria and the Athanasian Controversy. London: British Museum, 88-91, no. 1919.

Additional bibliography
· Bagnall, R. 2018. "The Educational and Cultural Background of Egyptian Monks." In Monastic Education in Late Antiquity, L. Larsen and S. Rubenson (ed.), Cambridge.
· Choat, Malcolm and Maria Chiara Giorda. 2017. Writing and Communication in Early Monasticism. Texts and Studies in Eastern Christianity 9. Leiden-Boston, 25-29, 49, 50, 65, 66.
· Choat, Malcolm. 2006. Belief and Cult in Fourth-Century Papyri, Studia Antiqua Australiensia 1. Turnhout: Brepols, 47, 103, 159.
· Hauben, Hans. 2002. "Aurêlios Pageus, alias Apa Paiêous, et le monastère mélitien d'Hathor." Ancient Society 32, 337-352.

Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 222", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,