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Artefact ID240
TM IDTM 59975
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. XVII 2069; Ap29

Five fragments with apocalyptic and astronomical text (fr. 3v), P.Oxy. XVII 2069 containing the Book of Enoch 85.10-86.2 and 87.1-3.

The fragments were originally thought to contain apocalyptic texts from different folios (see or different codices (see Milik 1971: 329-341), but it has since been established that the fragments 1, 2 and 4 were written by the same scribe and that they belong to the same codex as fragments 3 and 5; see Chesnutt 2010: 485-505.

Punctuation is indicated by blank spaces between words, rather than by point or colon, and there are no nomina sacra.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Non-canonical)
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria


Dated to late 4th c. in ed. pr. For the most recent date, see Drawnel 2019: 56.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The fragment was found in al-Bahnasā (Oxyrhynchos) during the excavations of Bernard Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt.

Accession number

Oxford, Sackler Library, Papyrology Rooms, P. Oxy. 2069 fr. 1-5.


Editio princeps:

· Hunt, Arthur S. and Bernard Grenfell. 1927. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part XVII. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 6-8, no. 2069.

Additional bibliography:

· Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Apokryphen 29.

· Chesnutt, Randall D. 2010. "Oxyrhynchus Papyrus 2069 and the Compositional History of 1 Enoch". Journal of Biblical Literature 129. 485-505.

· Drawnel, Henryk. 2019. Qumran Cave 4: The Aramaic books of Enoch. Oxford. 18-19, 32-40.

· Milik, Jozef Tadeusz. 1971. "Fragments grecs du livre d'Hénoc". Chronique d'Égypte 46. 329-341.

· van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris. Descriptions 576 and 577.

· Wayment, Thomas A. 2013. The text of the New Testament apocrypha (100-400 CE). London. 195-197, 408-409.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 240", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,