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Artefact ID252
TM IDTM 61461
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. I 5

The fragment contains a treatise on prophesy with quotations from the Shepherd of Hermas Mandata 11.9-10. It was previously believed to contain a homily by Melito of Sardes, On Prophesy (De prophetia); see Harnack 1898: 517-520.

The text concerns itself with matters of prophesy and the Christian prophets, and compares the phaenomenon to the body of Christ that was mixed with humanity through Mary (ll. 12-15).

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Theological), Nomina sacra
Date from200
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Dated to late 3rd /early 4th c. by the ed. pr.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The fragment was found in al-Bahnasā (Oxyrhynchos) during the excavations of Bernard Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt.

Accession number

Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Gr. th. f. 9 (P).


Editio princeps:

∙ Hunt, Arthur S. and Bernard Grenfell. 1898. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part I. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 8-9, no. 5.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Aland, Kurt. 1995. Repertorium der Griechischen Christlichen Papyri. II. Kirchenväter. Kirchenväter 59.

∙ Arcari, Luca. 2020. "P.Oxy. 1.5 and the Codex Sangermanensis as “visionary living texts”: visionary habitus and processes of “textualization” and/or “scripturalization” in Late Antiquity". Lived Religion in the Ancient Mediterranean World. Gasparini, Valentino et al., eds. Berlin / Boston. 469-492.

∙ Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no.  91.

∙ Harnack, Adolf von. 1898. ‘Über zwei von Grenfell und Hunt entdeckte und publicirte altchristliche Fragmente’. Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie desWissenschaften zu Berlin. Berlin. 516–520.

∙ Horsley, G.H.R, ed. 1977. New Documents Illustrating Early Christianity 2. Sydney. §98.6.  

∙ Paulsen, Henning. 1979. "Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1.5 Und Die ΔIAΔOXH TΩN ΠPOΦHTΩN". New Testament Studies 25. 443-453.

∙ Turner, E. G. 1977. The Typology of the Early Greek Codex. Philadelphia. 131, no. 528.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris. Description no. 682.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 252", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
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