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Artefact ID253
TM IDTM 59989
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. III 404; KV43

Three small fragments containing the text of the Shepherd of Hermas, Similitudines 10.3.2-5 and 4.3-4, a text that is otherwise unattested in Greek; see Blumell / Wayment 2015: 252.

The recto is highly effaced. 

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Non-canonical)
Date from200
Date to399
Dating criteria


Dated to the late 3rd/ early 4th c. by the ed. pr.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The fragment was found in al-Bahnasā (Oxyrhynchos) during the excavations of Bernard Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt.

Accession number

Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Gr. th. f. 10 (P).


Editio princeps:

∙ Hunt, Arthur S. and Bernard Grenfell. 1903. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part III. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 7-9, no. 404.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Aland, Kurt. 1995. Repertorium der Griechischen Christlichen Papyri. II. Kirchenväter. Kirchenväter 43.

∙ Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no.  69.

∙ Choat, Malcolm and Rachel Yuen-Collingridge. 2010. "The Egyptian Hermas: The Shepherd in Egypt before Constantine". Early Christian Manuscripts. Kraus, T. J. and T. Nicklas, eds. Texts and editions for New Testament Study 5. Leiden / Boston. 195, 211.

∙ Holmes, M. W. 1999. The Apostolic Fathers. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 522-525.

∙ Horsley, G.H.R, ed. 1977. New Documents Illustrating Early Christianity. Vol. 2. §98.7.

∙ Hurtado, L. W. 2008. The earliest Christian Artifacts: Manuscripts and Christian Origins. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 23.

∙ Osiek, C. 1999. The Shepherd of Hermas: A Commentary. Minneapolis.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris, no. 668 descr.

∙ Wayment, Thomas A. 2013. The text of the New Testament apocrypha (100-400 CE). New York / London. 149-151.

∙ Whittaker, M. 1967. Die Apostolischen Väter I: Der Hirt des Hermas. Berlin.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 253", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
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