Get Social With Us



Artefact ID280
TM IDTM 15624
Findspot (DEChriM ID)34   (Ǧabal al-Ṭārif)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

P.Nag Hamm. 65: Deed of surety, written in Dios Polis (Hiou), see BL VIII 227.

Found in the cartonnage of one of the codices of the gnostic texts of Nag Hammadi, this document gives a terminus a quo for the bounding of the codex VII, see Llewelyn 1992: 183 and Choat 2017: 33).

Selection criteriaArchaeological context associated with Christian markers
Date from348
Date to348
Dating criteria

Deed dated to the Consulship of Flavius Philippus, clarissimus praefectu sacro praetorio, and Flavius Salia, clarissimus magister equitum, Phaophi 10 (day and month uncertain).

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The leather covers of eight of the twelve Nag Hammadi codices found in a sealed jar by Egyptian agricultural workers in 1945 (see ID 23) had been strengthened by cartonnage made of waste papyri. This papyrus comes from the richest of these cartonnages, codex VII.

Accession number

Cairo, Coptic Museum Nag Hamm. VII 4 c


Editio princeps

• Barns, J.W.B., G.M. Browne and J.C. Shelton (ed.). 1981. Nag Hammadi Codices. Greek and Coptic Papyri from the Cartonnage of the Covers. Nag Hammadi Studies XVI. Leiden, 57-58: no. 65

Additional bibliography

• Choat, Malcolm and Maria Chiara Giorda (ed.). 2017. Writing and Communication in Early Monasticism. Texts and Studies in Eastern Christianity 9. Leiden-Boston, 33-36.

• Llewelyn, S.R. 1992. New Documents Illustrating Early Christianity 6. Ancient History Documentary Research Centre. Macquarie University, §27.

• Pestman, P.W. and H.-A. Rupprecht. 1992. Berichtigungsliste der griechischen Papyrusurkunden aus Ägypten VIII. Leiden.

Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 280", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,