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Artefact ID281
TM IDTM 61860
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. XIII 1598; Gregory-Aland P30; Gregory-Aland 𝔓30; NT30

Four fragments that constitute two consecutive folios from a codex probably containing the Pauline epistles. The fifth fragment was later identified and placed within the edition; see Comfort / Barrett 2001: 128-133. The folios have preserved their pagination, and thus comprise pages 207-210 in the codex.

The text contains the Pauline 1 Thessalonians 4:12- 2 Thessalonians 1:2.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Nomina sacra
Date from175
Date to225
Dating criteria


Dated to the late 3rd / 4th c. by the ed. pr. For the most recent dating, see Clarysse/ Orsini 2012: 469.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Ghent, University Pap. 61


Editio princeps:

· Hunt, Arthur S. and Bernard Grenfell. 1919. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part XIII. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 12-14, no. 1598.

Additional bibliography:

· Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Neues Testament 30.

· Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no. 31.

· Comfort, Philip W. 1999. "New Reconstructions and Identifications of New Testament Papyri". Novum Testamentum 41 (3), 214-230. 

· Comfort, Philip W. and David P. Barrett. 1999. The complete text of the earliest New Testament manuscripts. Grand Rapids, Michigan, 118-123.

· Horn, Robert C. 1933. "Identification of a Papyrus Fragment: Oxyrhynchus Papyrus Fragment 1598, Frag. 5." Classical Philology 28 (1), 44-47. 

· Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom), 4220-4253, no. 2.45

· van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Description no. 528.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 281", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,