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Artefact ID29
TM IDTM 108542
Findspot (DEChriM ID)24   (Dišnā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

Bodmer XXIII; P. Bodmer 23

Papyrus codex containing Isaiah 47:1-66:24 in Coptic (Sahidic). The papyrus of the codex itself is of a poor quality forcing the scribe to skip over the imperfections in the papyrus while writing (page 33). The text is written in a remarkably pure Sahidic (Kasser, Papyrus Bodmer XXIIII, 23). [Source: Bodmer Lab].

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Coptic language
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria

"This is one of the few codices of the 'Bodmer Papyri' that can be dated with confidence thanks to information gathered from the documents extracted from the front of its leather cover (economic information places the documents in the early fourth century; the cover must have been constructed at some point after that)." (Bodmer Lab)

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Unclear provenance; reportedly found at Ǧabal Abū Mannāʿ near Dishna (Upper Egypt) in 1952 (part of the “Dishna Papers” alongside several other Bodmer Papyri), possibly the location of a Pachomian monastery, see Robinson 2011, Lundhaug 2018.

Accession number

Geneva, Fondation Bodmer 23; 

Schüssler sa 48


Editio princeps

• Kasser, Rodolphe. 1965. Papyrus Bodmer XXIII: Esaïe XLVII, l-LXVI, 24 en sahidique. Cologny-Geneva: Bibliotheca Bodmeriana.

Additional bibliography

• Di Bitonto Kasser, Anna. 1998. "P. Bodmer LI recto: esercizio di divisione sillabica."  Museum Helveticum 55: 112-118.

• Fournet, Jean-Luc. 2015. "Anatomie d'une bibliothèque de l'Antiquité tardive: l'inventaire, la faciès et la provenance de la 'Bibliothèque Bodmer'."  Adamantius 21: 8-40.

• Lundhaug, Hugo. 2018. “The Dishna Papers and the Nag Hammadi Codices: The Remains of a Single Monastic Library?” In The Nag Hammadi Codices and Late Antique Egypt, edited by Hugo Lundhaug and Lance Jenott. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. 329-386.

• Orsini, Paola. 2008. "La maiuscola biblica coptica."  Segno e testo 6: 121-150 [esp. 121-144].

• Orsini, Paola. 2015. "I papiri Bodmer: scritture e libri."  Adamantius 21: 60-78.

• Robinson, James M. 2011. The Story of the Bodmer Papyri. From the First Monastery’s Library in Upper Egypt to Geneva and Dublin. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books.

• Schüssler, Karlheinz. 1996. Das sahidische Alte und Neue Testament sa 21–48, Biblia Coptica: Die koptischen Bibeltexte I/2, 106 [sa 48]. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Mary Jane Cuyler, Victor Ghica, 2020
Suggested citation
Mary Jane Cuyler, Victor Ghica, 2020, "Artefact ID 29", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,