Get Social With Us



Artefact ID300
TM IDTM 61641
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. X 1230; Gregory-Aland P24; 𝔓24; NT24

A small fragment of a codex containing the Book of Revelations 5.5-8 and 6.5-8.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Nomina sacra, Biblical quote or paraphrase
Date from350
Date to399
Dating criteria


Dated to the early 4th c. by the ed. pr. For the most recent date; see Clarysse / Orsini 2012: 469.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

New Haven, Yale Divinity Library, P.Oxy. 1230.

Formerly part of Andover Newton Theological School.


Editio princeps:

∙ Hunt, Arthur S. and Bernard Grenfell. 1914. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part X. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London, 18-19, no. 1230.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Berlin, Neues Testament 24.

∙ Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas, no. 36.

∙ Clarysse, Willy and Pasquale Orsini. 2012. "Early new testament manuscripts and their dates: A critique of theological palaeography". Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 88, 443-474.

∙ Comfort, Philip W. and David P. Barrett. 1999. The complete text of the earliest New Testament manuscripts. Grand Rapids, Michigan, 105-107.

∙ Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom), 4832-4841, no. 2.64.

∙ Malik, Peter. 2018. "The Greek Text of Revelation in Late Antique Egypt: Materials, Texts, and Social History". Zeitschr. für antikes Christentum 22, 406-407.

∙ Nicklas, Tobias. 2012. “The Early Text of Revelation”. The Early Text of the New Testament. Hill, C. E. and M. Kruger. Oxford: Oxford University Press,  225-238.

∙ Nongbri, Brent. 2018. God's Library: The Archaeology of the Earliest Christian Manuscripts. Yale, 235.

∙ Schofield, Ellwood Mearle. 1936. "The Papyrus Fragments of the Greek New Testament". Ph.D. dissertation. Southern Babtist Theological Seminary.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris, descr. no. 562.

∙ Wessely, C. 1924. Les plus anciens monuments du christianisme écrits sur papyrus. Vol. 2. Paris, 467.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 300", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,