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Artefact ID301
TM IDTM 61637
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. VI 847; Gregory-Aland 0162;

The earliest Oxyrhynchan parchment folio preserving a copy of a canonical text; see Blumell / Wayment 2015: 97. The folio is almost intact and contains the Gospel of St. John 2:11-22. 

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Nomina sacra
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria


The ed. pr. suggests a composition in the 4th century, which is supported by recent studies; see Clarysse / Orsini 2012: 457 and 472. Comfort / Barrett propose an earlier date (approx. 300); see Comfort / Barrett 1999: 683.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Accession number

New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 09.182.43


Editio princeps:

∙ Hunt, Arthur S. and Bernard Grenfell. 1908. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part VI. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 4-5, no. 847.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Bell, Lonnie D. 2018. The early textual transmission of John: Stability and Fluidity in Its Second and Third Century Greek Manuscripts. NTTSD 54. Leiden: Brill. 208-225.

∙ Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no. 27.

∙ Comfort, Philip W. and David P. Barrett. 1999. The complete text of the earliest New Testament manuscripts. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 632-634.

∙ Clarysse, Willy and Pasquale Orsini. 2012. "Early new testament manuscripts and their dates: A critique of theological palaeography". Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 88. 443-474.

∙ Crisci, Edoardo. 2005a. "Note sulla più antica produzione di libri cristiani nell’oriente greco". Segno e testo 3. 140, pl. 24

 ∙ ———. 2005b. "I più antichi manoscritti greci della Bibbia. Fattori materiali, bibliologici, gravici". Forme e modelli della tradizione manoscritta della bibbia. Cherubini, P., ed. 27-28.

∙ Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom). 3972-3981, no. 2.28.

∙ Parker, D. C. 1999. "The Majuscule Manuscripts of the New Testament". The Text of the New Testament in Contemporary Research: Essays on the Status Quaestionis.  Ehrman, B. D. and Holmes, M. W. eds. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 22–42.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Description no. 436.

∙ Schmid, Ulrich B., David Parker, and W. J. Elliott, eds. The New Testament in Greek IV — The Gospel According to St. John. Vol. 2.  NTTS 37. Leiden: Brill. 131-132, pl. 14-15.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 301", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,