Get Social With Us

4CARE-ARTEFACTS

ARTEFACT IDENTIFIERS

Artefact ID302
TM IDTM 61910
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
ClassTextual
MaterialParchment
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary
LanguageGreek
Description

P.Oxy. XI 1353; Gregory-Aland 0206  

Four damaged fragments of a folio containing the First Epistle of Peter 5:5-13. The format of the codex is verging on miniature, and the text is written in one column, in a large biblical majuscule. The pagination (written in another hand) has been added in the top right corner of the folio (verso); see ed. pr. The small size of the codex combined with the large and meticulous script suggests that this was a deluxe edition with an extensive corpus of Christian texts; see Barker 2009: 192-202.  

Considering the page number (reading ωιθ "819" or ωκθ "829"), this might be the largest Greek parchment codex from Oxyrhynchus; see Blumell / Wayment 2015: 167 and Barker 2008: 192-202. This view is opposed by Nongbri 2018: 344 n. 60.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical)
Date from350
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography.  

Suggested to belong to the late 4th c. by Cavallo 1967: 66, supported by the most recent study in Clarysse / Orsini 2012: 472.  

An earlier date has been proposed by Barker 2009: 192-202 (placing it in the 3rd c.) and Jaroš 2006: 4974-4982 (placing it in the early 4th c.).

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Oklahoma, Green collection, Pap. 284; Washington, Museum of the Bible, MS.000284 (current).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Editio princeps:

∙ Hunt, Arthur S. and Bernard Grenfell. 1915. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part XI. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 5-6, no. 1353.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Barker, Don. 2009. "How long and old is the codex of which P.Oxy.1353 is a leaf?". Jewish and Christian Scripture as Artifact and Canon. Evans, C. A. and H.D. Zacharias, eds. Studies in Scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity 13. London. 192-202, with photo p. 193.

∙ Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no. 40.

∙ Cavallo, Guglielmo. 1967. Ricerche sulla maiuscola biblica. Florence. 66.

∙ Clarysse, Willy and Pasquale Orsini. 2012. "Early new testament manuscripts and their dates: A critique of theological palaeography". Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 88. 443-474.

∙ Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom). 4974-4982, no. 3.12.

∙ Nongbri, Brent. 2018. God's Library: The Archaeology of the Earliest Christian Manuscripts. Yale. 227, 344 n. 60.

van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Description no. 551.

∙ Wessely, C. 1924. Les plus anciens monuments du christianisme écrits sur papyrus. Vol. 2. Paris. 462-463.

Authors
Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 302", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt, https://4care-skos.mf.no/artefacts/302