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Artefact ID304
TM IDTM 61701
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. XIII 1597; Gregory-Aland P29; 𝔓29; NT29

Fragment containing Luke, The Acts of the Apostles 26.7-8 and 26.20. The text is notable for its extensive omissions; see Blumell / Wayment 2015: 76. In connection with these omissions, it has been hypothesized that this fragment belongs to the Western text-type; see Black 2006: 65.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical)
Date from200
Date to299
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Dated to the late 3rd or 4th c. by the ed. pr. For the most recent dating (3rd c.), see Clarysse/ Orsini 2012: 469.

An earlier date (ca 200 / early 3rd c.) has been suggested by Comfort / Barrett 1999: 114-117 and Jaroš 2006: 4025-4028.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Gr. bib. g. 4 (P).


Editio princeps:

∙ Hunt, Arthur S. and Bernard Grenfell. 1919. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part XIII. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 10-12, no. 1597 and plate no. 1.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Neues Testament 29.

∙ Black, David Alan. 2006. New Testament Textual Criticism. Ada, Michigan. 65.

∙ Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no. 18.

∙ Bruce, F. F. 1990. The Acts of the Apostles: The Greek Text with Introduction and Commentary. 3rd. ed. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 72.

∙ Clarysse, Willy and Pasquale Orsini. 2012. "Early new testament manuscripts and their dates: A critique of theological palaeography". Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 88. 443-474.

∙ Comfort, Philip W. and David P. Barrett. 1999. The complete text of the earliest New Testament manuscripts. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 114-117.

∙ Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom). 4025-4028, no. 2.33.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Description no. 488.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 304", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,