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Artefact ID309
TM IDTM 32410
Findspot (DEChriM ID)34   (Ǧabal al-Ṭārif)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

P.Nag Hamm. 68: Letter from Harpocration to Sansnos.

This letter is one of the eight documents preserved in the cartonnage of the Nag Hammadi codex VII that are addressed to the monk and priest Sansnos. It contains a plea made by a certain Harpocration in order to settle an issue related to the recovery of rent money owed by a "brother" Appianus.

Selection criteriaChristian terms/formulas/concepts
Date from325
Date to375
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Also, other waste papyri recovered from the same cartonnage used to construct the Nag Hammadi codex VII include contracts dated 341, 346 and 348 (P.Nag Hamm. 65).

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The leather covers of eight of the twelve Nag Hammadi codices found in a sealed jar by Egyptian agricultural workers in 1945 (see ID 23) had been strengthened by cartonnage made of waste papyri. This papyrus comes from the richest of these cartonnages, codex VII.

Accession number

Cairo, Coptic Museum Nag Hamm. VII 8 c


Editio princeps

• Barns, J.W.B., G.M. Browne and J.C. Shelton (ed.). 1981. Nag Hammadi Codices. Greek and Coptic Papyri from the Cartonnage of the Covers. Nag Hammadi Studies XVI. Leiden, 61-63: no. 68.

Additional bibliography

• Choat, Malcolm and Maria Chiara Giorda (ed.). 2017. Writing and Communication in Early Monasticism. Texts and Studies in Eastern Christianity 9. Leiden-Boston, 33-36.

• Lundhaug, Hugo and Lance Jenott. 2015. The Monastic Origins of the Nag Hammadi Codices. Tübingen, 46-54, 104-145.

• Wipszycka, Ewa. 2000. “The Nag Hammadi Library and the monks: A Papyrologist’s point of view.” Journal of Juristic Papyrology 30, 179-191.

Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2023
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2023, "Artefact ID 309", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,