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Artefact ID322
TM IDTM 171876
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. LXXVIII 5129

Fragment of a smaller sized codex containing the Apology 1 of Justin Martyr, 50.12 and 51.4-5. A lectional trema is preserved on the recto (l. 2, succeeding the hair side) and the hand is of the severe type; see ed. pr.

The text is the first published ancient copy of the works of Justin Martyr (see ed. pr.), and part of the text agrees closely with the quote from Isaias 53.11. The only surviving manuscript (MS A) is the Parisinus graecus 450. P.Oxy. LXXVIII 5129 differs from MS A inter alia by the occurrence of ϋ[μων] in l. 2 (recto) instead of the ἡμῶν of MS.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Theological)
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Dated by comparison with P.Oxy. XXXIV 2699 (4th c.); see ed. pr.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Oxford, Sackler Library, Papyrology Rooms 103/13(h).


Editio princeps:

Chang, R.-L., W.B. Henry, P. J. Parsons and A. Benaissa, et al., eds. 2012. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part LXXVIII. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 10-11, no. 5129 and plate no. 1. 

Additional bibliography:

∙ Eckhardt, Benedict. 2020. “Wine, Water and the Missing Symposium in Justin’s First Apology”. Vigiliae Christianae 74, 474.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 322", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,