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Artefact ID334
TM IDTM 61794
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. XXIV 2385; Gregory-Aland P71; 𝔓71; NT71

A papyrus fragment containing the Gospel of Matthew 19:10-11 and 17-18, probably close to the MS Vaticanus; see ed. pr.

The text is written in a biblical uncial and the letters vary in size and style. There are no clear occurrences of nomina sacra, but one instance could be required in the lacunae of l. 3; see ed. pr. This fragment is the earliest witness preserving an omission of Ἰησοῦς in l. 10, and remains alone in its haplographic ommission of the definite article before αἰτία in l. 3; see Blumell / Wayment 2015: 170.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical)
Date from375
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Dated to the 4th c. by the ed. pr. For the most recent date; see Clarysse / Orsini 2012: 471.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Oxford, Sackler Library, Papyrology Rooms, P. Oxy. 2385.


Editio princeps:

∙ Lobel, E. C.H. Roberts, E.G. Turner and J.W.B. Barns. 1957. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part XXIV. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 5-6, no. 2385 and plate no. 13. 

Additional bibliography:

∙ Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Berlin. Neues Testament 71.

∙ Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no. 41.

∙ Clarysse, Willy and Pasquale Orsini. 2012. "Early new testament manuscripts and their dates: A critique of theological palaeography". Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 88. 443-474.

∙ Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom). 4870-4873, no. 3.3.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris. Description no. 368.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 334", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,