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ARTEFACT IDENTIFIERS

Artefact ID354
TM IDTM 61790
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
ClassTextual
MaterialPapyrus
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary
LanguageGreek
Description

P.Oxy. LXIV 4402; Gregory-Aland P102; 𝔓102

A small papyrus fragments containing parts of the Gospel of Matthew 4:11, 12 and 22-23.

The fragment is rather small, and has preserved two lines of text on both sides of the papyrus. Sequentially, the recto (Matt 4:11-12) appears to precede the verso (Matt 4.22-23). The hand is rather geometric and reminiscent of, although not totally compatible with, the severe style; see ed. pr. The scribe does not seem to have adhered strictly to bilinearity, yet the script is ostensibly upright and there can be seen only one mark of punctuation (a mid-point) following αὐτῷ on the recto (and possibly traces of a second mid-point following the [αὐ]τῷ of the verso); see ed. pr. In l. 5 (verso) there is a horizontal bar to the left of the epsilon - its purpose is uncertain; see ed. pr.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical)
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography.

Dated by the ed. pr. to the mid-3rd / early 4th c. by comparison with P.Herm 4 and 5 (both 4 c.). For the most recent date, see Clarysse / Orsini 2012: 471.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Oxford, Sackler Library, Papyrology Rooms, P.Oxy. 4402.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Editio princeps:

∙ Handley, E.W. and U. Wartenberg, eds. 1997. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part LXIV. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London, 4-5, no. 4402, pl. 1 and 2.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no. 26.

∙ Clarysse, Willy and Pasquale Orsini. 2012. "Early new testament manuscripts and their dates: A critique of theological palaeography". Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 88. 443-474.

∙ Comfort, Philip W. and David P. Barrett. 1999. The complete text of the earliest New Testament manuscripts. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 624.

∙ ———. 2001. The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Carol Stream, Illinois. Tyndale House. 639-640.

∙ Head, Peter M. 2000. "Some Recently Published NT Papyri From Oxyrhynchus: An Overview and Preliminary Assessment." Tyndale Bulletin 51 (1): 8.

∙ Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom). 3803-3809, no. 2.10.

∙ Min, Kyoung Shik. 2005. Die früheste Überlieferung des Matthäusevangeliums (bis zum 3./4. Jh.): Edition und Untersuchung. ANTF 34. Berlin / New York: Walter de Gruyter. 220-223.

∙ Wasserman, Tommy. 2012. "The Early Text of Matthew." The Early Text of the New Testament. Hill, C. E. and M. J. Kruger, eds. Oxford. 99.

Authors
Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 354", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt, https://4care-skos.mf.no/artefacts/354
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