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Artefact ID359
TM IDTM 110226
Findspot (DEChriM ID)-   ()
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

P.Sijp. 60a: Letter to Papnouthios.

Annianos (a monk?) writes "to the most valued and most loved by God and virtuous Paphnouthios" to inform him that he has received his letter and followed the orders he gave him in the monastery (?) (ἐν τῷ ὄρι). He also requests one of Paphnouthios' "hooded cloaks", a scarf (?) and table cloth, maybe for liturgical use.

The honorary titles make it clear that Paphnouthios is an ecclesiastical dignitary, whereas a number of temporal, content-related, and formal similarities with the Papnouthios letters published as P.Lond. 1923-1929, makes it most likely that Papnouthios is the same holy man.

As the letter mentions Ὀξύρυνχος and at least one other place located in the Oxyrhynchites (Φιλοστράτου), the editors suggest that the sender stayed in the Oxyrhynchites, and possibly the recipient as well, or not too far from it.

Descr.: Unusually wide sheet (similar format and layout as P.Sijp. 60b and P.Lond. VI 1929). Recto: two different hands, with a personal subscription by the writer in the last lines, in a more cursive hand; text written along the fibres. Verso: address, along the fibres.

Selection criteriaMention of Christian cult officials/institutions, Christian terms/formulas/concepts, Nomina sacra
Date from340
Date to375
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Comparison with the archive of Abinnaeus (P.Abinn. 3), Nepheros (P.Neph. 3, 10 and 19) and P.Lond. VI 1929), all from the middle of 4th c. P.Sijp. 60 a and b would be dated to the same period or at most slightly later.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

According to 60a (P.Heid. Inv. G 863) had the old inventory number 2069 but the catalog gives no information about the time and source of the acquisition. This can mean that it was 'old stock'; as such, it would be possible, even if not certain, that P.Sijp. 60a comes from the same purchase as P.Sijp. 60b (acquired by Karl Reinhardt in 1897). To the same 'old stock' belongs another Heidelberg letter addressed to Papnouthios that was acquired by Reinhardt, P.Heid. Inv. G 1355 (= SB I 2266).

Accession number

Heidelberg, Institut für Papyrologie P. Heid. Inv. G. 863


Editio princeps

• Hagedorn, Ursula and Dieter Hagedorn. 2007. Papyri in memory of P.J. Sijpesteijn (P. Sijp.), edited by A. J. B. Sirks and K. A. Worp. Oakville, Conn., 373-380, no. 60a, pl. 73.

Additional bibliography

• Choat, M. 2017. "Monastic Letters on Papyrus from Late Antique Egypt." In Writing and Communication in Early Monasticism, ed. by M. Choat and M. Ch. Giorda. Leiden-Boston, 29-33, 52-53.

Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 359", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,