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Artefact ID378
TM IDTM 61796
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. X 1227; Gregory-Aland P21; Gregory-Aland 𝔓21; NT21

A severly fragmented piece of a folio containing the 2 Gospel of Matthew 12-26. It is estimated that the folio originally contained 32-33 lines of text; see Blumell / wayment 2015: 190. 

The script is an upright uncial, and it is written in brown ink with variation between light and heavy strokes. No punctuation is visible except a high point in l. 5 (verso), and a rough breathing can be found in l. 11 (ὁ Σ[ατανας]).

There is a unique reading in l. 4 (the addition of a οὕτω to Matt 12:32) and possibly also in l. 6 of the recto; see ed. pr. In several instances, the text agrees with the MS D, i.a. in the spelling of Βεελζεβού in Matt 12:24 in agreement with D and other Byzantine MSS.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Nomina sacra
Date from400
Date to450
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Dated to the 5th c. by the ed. pr. by comparison with P.Amh. gr. I 1 (400-450 CE).

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Allentown, Muhlenberg College, Pap. 1227 (theol. 3).


Editio princeps:

∙ Hunt, Arthur S. and Bernard Grenfell. 1914. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part X. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 12-14, no. 1227.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Neues Testament 21.

Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no. 49.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Description no. 361.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 378", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,