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Artefact ID38
TM IDTM 749338
Findspot (DEChriM ID)-   ()
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentLiterary

P.Monts.Roca inv. 14

The Montserrat roll is a papyrus roll containing a Sahidic Coptic translation of a large part of the Letter to Dracontius of Athanasius (festal letter). It is broken at the beginning but still preserves 6 columns (5 on recto, along the fibres; 1 on verso across the fibres). It is the earliest known evidence for this letter, pre-dating the earliest surviving Greek codex by six centuries (Torallas Tovar 2018, 22).

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Theological), Mention of Christian cult officials/institutions, Mention of Christian individuals/communities, Coptic language
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria

"The paleography of [P. Monts. Roca inv. 14] places it at least in the same graphic environment as the codices from the southern area in the fourth century, with the closest example found in Bodmer XXI." (Torallas Tovar 2018, 24).

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Precise origins unknown; some scholars believe it could have originally formed a part of the Bodmer library (Torallas Tovar 2018, 26). 

Accession number

Montserrat, Abadia 14 [P.Monts.Roca inv. 14]


Editio Princeps

• Torallas Tovar, Sofía. 2018. "A Fourth-Century Coptic Translation in a Papyrus Roll (P.Monts.Roca inv. 14)." Adamantius 24: 22-38.

Mary Jane Cuyler, Victor Ghica, 2020
Suggested citation
Mary Jane Cuyler, Victor Ghica, 2020, "Artefact ID 38", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,