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Artefact ID399
TM IDTM 61984
Findspot (DEChriM ID)-   ()
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Mich. III 133

Two papyrus fragments from a papyrus codex containing Psalm 8.2-9 (verso) and 9.7-17 (recto). The ed. pr. notes that this sequence is suggestive of a codex of a single quire, with approx. 3,5 folios (lost) preceding this section.

The fragments preserve more than half of the folio (originally approx. 33-35 lines), and contain 23 lines on the verso (contextually preceing the recto), and 25 lines on the recto. The text is written in paragraphs, and the format corresponds to Hebrew divisions. Insted of extending the separating space to line end, the scribe begins a new verse on the same line even where there is litte room; see ed. pr. There are traces of the title of Psalm IX at the top of the recto (only an ]αλμoς of ψαλμός remains), with possibly extra surrounding space as well as lines drawn above and below the text.

Although the text is badly effaced and hardly legible, it is possible to discern from the parts that remain visible that the script was a careful book hand. The ed. pr. describes the letters as broad, without ornament and that letters which usually extend up/downwards (such as phi, pheta and rho), appear short in form. There is a nomen sacrum for κυριός "Lord", while οὐρανός "Heaven" and υἱός "Son" (perhaps also ἀνθρωπός "Man") remain uncontracted. 

Selection criteriaSubliterary genre (Liturgical)
Date from200
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Book hand with broad lettering. The ed. pr. suggests a date in the 3rd c. or even earlier, by comparison with the parchment Bibles of the 4th c. In the inventory of A. S. Hunt, the fragment is dated to the 3/4 c.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Provenance and findspot are unknown.

The fragment was purchased in Egypt in the spring of 1920 by profs. Bernard Grenfell and Francis Kelsey (University of Michigan) as part of a collection. The fragment was later placed by Arthur S. Hunt in the inventory of the University of Michigan in October, 1920; see ed. pr.

Accession number

Ann Arbor, Michigan University, Library P. 22.


Editio princeps:

∙ Sanders, Henry A. 1936. Michigan Papyri III: Miscellaneous Papyri. Winter, J. G et al., eds. Ann Arbor: University of Mich. Studies, Humanistic Series 40. Papyrus no. 133, 3-6.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Altes Testament 48.

∙ Rahlfs, Alfred and Detlef Fraenkel. 2004 (1914). Verzeichnis der griechischen Handschriften des Alten Testaments. 6, descr. no. 2067.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris. Description no. 101.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 399", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
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