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Artefact ID459
TM IDTM 33325
Findspot (DEChriM ID)12   (Ismant al-Ḫarāb)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

P.Kellis I 71: Business letter.

Letter sent by Pamouris to Psais. After usual greetings "in God" and wishes for good health,  Pamouris informs his correspondent that he stayed in Antinoopolis waiting for him to send letters and come over; he still expects his visit and asks for some commodities, news and a girl to be sent, probably to work there as a weaver.

Postscript in the left hand margin, addressed to "mother Maria" regarding threads of warp to give to Psais and exchange of commodities.

On the back, upwards along the fibres on the bottom half of what was the right hand side of the front, second postscript addressed to the same "Mother Maria"  (also called "Lady mother and sister") by another Maria, about some implements to put on a loom. Faint traces of the address along the fibres.


Selection criteriaMention of Christian individuals/communities, Christian terms/formulas/concepts, Christian onomastics, Archaeological context associated with Christian markers
Date from325
Date to375
Dating criteria

Palaeography, dossier connection (Family of Pamour)

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

House 3, room 9, level 3, Northern doorway

Accession number

Kellis, excavations Dakleh Oasis Project 1986-, inv. P. 57.B; previously referred to as 'P.Kellis 76'.


Editio princeps

• Worp, Klaas, with contributions by J.E.G. Whitehorne and R.W. Daniel. 1995. Greek Papyri from Kellis I. (P.Kell.G.). Nos. 1-90. Dakhleh Oasis Project: Monograph 3. Oxford: Oxbow Books, no. 71: 184-188 and pl. 71.

Additional bibliography

• Bowen, Gillian. 2014. "The crux ansata in early Christian iconography: evidence from Dakhleh and Kharga oases." In Le myrte et la rose, ed. G. Tallet and Ch. Zivie-Coche. Montpellier, 292-303 (esp. 295).

Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 459", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,