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Artefact ID464
TM IDTM 64544
Findspot (DEChriM ID)30   (al-Ašmūnayn)
Writing mediumCodex, Sheet/roll, Uncertain
Text contentSubliterary

Treu 1971: 75-78 (no. 10)

Papyrus fragment (26.5 x 16.5 cm) containing a documentary text (recto) and the end of the "Greater Doxology" with illumination on the verso.

Around this liturgical text, good-sized margins are preserved (1 cm on the top, 4 cm on the right, 7.5 on the bottom), and the bottom margin contains an illumination in the form of a rectangle decorated with intertwined ribbons. 

The script is an elegant, upright book script. The text contains several nomina sacra. and the only diacritical marks are the diaereses. Some verses are highlighted by way of indentation (see l. 13 and 16).

The papyrus fragment contains part of the "Greater Doxology", a 'morning hymn' that was appended to the collection of odes (as no. 15) which can be found in Codex Alexandrinus; see ed. pr. This ode was also well used in the Coptic Church, and it was even inscribed in a wall in the Schenute monastery of Atripe (Sohag). Only the first part of the "Doxology" is used in the Latin Church, containing the renowned introductory segment "Gloria in exelsis Deo".

Due to the unusual starting point of our text, it is assumed that another folio had belonged together with this fragment, constituting the beginning of the hymn. According to the ed. pr., the second part of the hymn consists of different Psalms:

lines 1-3 = Dan. 3, 26 (i.e. Ode 7);

lines  4-5 = Psalm 118:12;

lines 10-11 = Psalm 89:1;

lines 12-13 = Psalm 40:5;

lines 14-16 = Psalm 142:9-10;

lines 17-20 = Psalm 35:10-11.

Selection criteriaSubliterary genre (Liturgical), Nomina sacra, Biblical quote or paraphrase
Date from375
Date to499
Dating criteria

Palaeography. The placed the hymnal text in the 4th c., see now Mihálykó 2019.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Found in el-Ashmunein.

Accession number

Berlin, Staatliche Museen, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung P. 17449


Editio princeps:

∙ Treu, Kurt. 1971. "Neue Berliner Liturgische Papyri." Archiv für Papyrusforschung 21. 75-78, no. 10 and plate no. 7

Additional bibliography:

∙ Horak, Ulrike. 1992. Illuminierte Papyri, Pergamente und Papiere, no. 27.descr.

∙ Mihálykó, Á. T. 2019. The Christian Liturgical Papyri: An Introduction. Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 114. Tübingen. 80f., 107f., 156, 183, 210, 247f. and 328.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris, no. 891 descr.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 464", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,