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Artefact ID472
TM IDTM 68810
Findspot (DEChriM ID)-   ()
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Köln X 406; P.Koeln X 406; Gregory-Aland P118; 𝔓118

4 fragments containing Paulus Romans 15:26–27 and 32–33, as well as 16:1.4–7 and 16:1.11.

The fragments preserve 2 columns with an intercolumnal space measuring 2 cm wide. The original sheet  is estimated to have been approx. 27 x 34 cm. The text contains inorganic diaereses and several nomina sacra.

The text is written in a coarse, large majuscule, which Römer assesses to much later than the 3rd c. pace the ed. pr.; see Römer 2004: 277. The script has more recently been re-described and dated accordingly; it is identified as a rounded bureaucratic script in Clarysse / Orsini 2012: 465.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Nomina sacra
Date from375
Date to435
Dating criteria

Palaeography. The fragments are dated to the 3rd c. by the ed. pr. as well as Clarysse / Orsini 2012: 465 and 472, who compare the script to P66 (early 3rd c. Gospel of John, Panopolis).

The fragments are also dated much later, to the 5/6 c. in Römer 2004: 277, who uses P.Amh. 192 (6th c. Old Testament text, provenance N/A) and PSI I 1 (late 5th. Gospel of Matthew, Oxyrhynchus) as comparanda.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Findspot and provenance are unknown.

Accession number

Cologne, Papyrussammlung P. 10311


Editio princeps:

∙ Schenke, Gesa. 2003. Kölner Papyri X. Gronewald, M. and others, eds. Paderborn et al. 2003. Cologne. 33-37, no. 406 and pl. no. 7-8.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Clarysse, Willy and Pasquale Orsini. 2012. "Early new testament manuscripts and their dates: A critique of theological palaeography". Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 88. 443-474.

∙ Römer, C. 2004. "No. 17: Epistula ad Romanes". Archiv für Papyrusforschung 50. 277.

∙ Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom). Wien-Würzburg: Echter. 2126-2143, no. 1-11.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 472", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,