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ARTEFACT IDENTIFIERS

Artefact ID51
TM IDTM 108122
Findspot (DEChriM ID)24   (Dišnā)
ClassTextual
MaterialPapyrus
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary
LanguageCoptic
Description

Papyrus codex written in Coptic (I7 dialect). From the Schøyen Collection website: Part of this text is unique and represents an independent textual tradition of one of the oldest of Christian texts. This is the only fragment in the Akhmimic dialect. Melito, Bishop of Sardis (d. ca. 190), was one of the earliest Christian writers, and addressed his Apologia to emperor Marcus Aurelius. His great book, Peri tou Pascha, equating the Jewish Passover with the Christian Easter, was recorded by Eusebius in 4th c. but no copy was known until c. 1940.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Theological), Coptic language
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography, Coptic dialect

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context


Accession number

Oslo, Schøyen collection, MS 2337

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Editio Princeps

• Goehring, James. 1984. "A New Coptic Fragment of Melito's Homily on the Passion."  Le Muséon 97, 255-260.

Reference edition

• Funk, W.-P. 1987. "Die Zeugen des koptischen Literaturdialekts I7."  Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 114, 124-127 [117-133 & Taf. II–III].

Additional Bibliography

• Kasser, Rodolphe. 1985. "Encore un document protolycopolitain."  Le Museon 98: 79–82.

Authors
Mary Jane Cuyler, Matthias Müller, 2020, 2021
Suggested citation
Mary Jane Cuyler, Matthias Müller, 2020, 2021, "Artefact ID 51", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt, https://4care-skos.mf.no/artefacts/51
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