|TM ID||TM 64476|
|Findspot (DEChriM ID)||- ()||Class||Textual|
P.Amh. I 2
Three fragments (approx. 26.4 x 31.3 cm) containing an acrostic hymn. The verso remains blank.
The text is arranged in 25 lines. Of these, all but the last consist of three parts which are metrically equivalent, and whose first letter represents a specific letter in the alphabet (e.g., the three parts of l. 1 begin with an alpha, the three parts of l. 2 begin with a beta, etc.). A dicolon separates part 1 from parts 2 and 3.
The acrostic is metrical, and the three parts of the verse adhere to a dactylic schema with a final paroxytone, i.e. with an accented (with the exeption θεοῦ of part 1 in l. 10) penultimate syllable. The system seems to be partly tonal, partly quantitative, and the metre is affected by the variable determination of the length of the syllables and their accentuated form, see ed. pr.
The hand is careful and cursive. The text contains several corrections, punctuation in the form of dicola as well as lexical indicators such as diaereses and apostrophes. The text also contains several nomina sacra. On the basis of the quality of the errors and omissions (as well as some Epic forms, see e.g. l. 3 and 8), the ed. pr. suggests that this was a copy removed only once or twice from the original manuscript. E. Preuschen suggests that the original hymn originates in the 2nd c.; see Preuschen 1901: 80.
The final line does not adhere to the acrostic format: it is shorter (consisting of 2 parts compared to the 3 parts of lines 1-24) and does not highlight a letter of the alphabet. The content of this final line concerns itself with the topic of death.
As a comparanda of this form of acrostic, the ed. pr. gives Ad Virgines Exhort. (Billius II: 299) by Gregory Nazianzen.
|Selection criteria||Subliterary genre (Liturgical), Nomina sacra|
Palaeography. The ed. pr. places the hand (careful and cursive) in the first half of the 4th c.
|Absolute/relative date||Relative date|
Provenance is uncertain. The fragment was purchased by J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1912.
New York, Pierpont Morgan Library Dept. of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts. Manuscript Amh. Gr. Pap. 2. (previously part of a private collection in Norfolk).