|TM ID||TM 33558|
|Findspot (DEChriM ID)||55 (Qarāra)||Class||Textual|
P.Neph. 4: Letter from Paulos to Nepheros.
The subjects are the same as in other letters from Paulos to Nepheros, except he doesn't mention his wife Tapiam anymore, probably has she passed out from her illness mentioned in P.Neph. 1.
Recto: the hand is a rapid business cursive with no pretense to style; left margin is used for overflow (writing perpendicular with the main text); indent for the greetings in l. 2; use of nomina sacra. Standard vocabulary but elaborate and rather stylish prooemium (Bagnall 2018: 91). Writing runs parallel with the fibres.
Verso: address and 2 lines of postscript, parallel with the fibres.
|Selection criteria||Mention of Christian cult officials/institutions, Christian terms/formulas/concepts, Christian onomastics, Nomina sacra|
Palaeography, archive connection and historic context led the editors to suggest a range of date around 360 for the Nepheros correspondence (Kramer and Shelton 1987: 5). According to the study of the prices mentioned in the archive, Bagnall 1989: 75 (= BL IX, 173) suggests a range after 352.
|Absolute/relative date||Relative date|
The P.Neph. were bought on the market but according to the seller they were all found together. Nothing in the archive led the editors to doubt this statement and they add that the archive were probably found in the direct vicinity of the ancient location of the monastery of Phathor (see Kramer and Shelton 1987: 5).
Heidelberg, Institut für Papyrologie, P.Heid. Inv. G 2140