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Artefact ID555
TM IDTM 64534
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentSubliterary

Suppl.Mag. I 22; Mertens-Pack 06028.000; P.Amst. I 26; SB X 10762: Amulet

The fragment (5.7 x 9.7 cm in ed. pr.;  9.8 x 5.9 in ref. ed.) preserves 5 lines on the recto, and the verso is left blank. The edges are neatly cut. It was previously believed to be a palimpsest (see ed. pr.), but more recent studies suggest that the traces of ink resulted from a folding of the fragment, and not from the intentional effacing and reuse of another text.

The text is an amulet containing an incantation to heal and protect Eremega, the child of Anilla. The incantation specifies protection from diseases, headaches and two types of fever. The text clearly belongs to a Christian context, and contains an invocation of Christ as well as three diagrams (crosses with alpha-omega on the sides) resembling staurograms with open rhos in the first line of the fragment. On the phaenomenon of "open-rho" staurograms, see Frantz 1929: 10-26. 

The name of the child, Έρεμέγα "Eremega", is peculiar, and is not attested in papyrological onomastica. The ref. ed. suggests a misspelling of Ίερεμίαο or Έρμείαο.

A post-concordance BL entry has been made; see BL IX: 269.

There are 4 horizontal folding lines visible on the fragment, as well as several vertical indications, and the fragment appears to have been folded and/or rolled.  Above the recto (where the text is written along the fibres) there is a kollesis to a sheet (approx. 1 cm tall) with vertical fibres. The ref. ed. notes that there are traces of a protokollon on the back of the lower sheet.

Selection criteriaChristian terms/formulas/concepts, Christian symbols/gestures/isopsephy
Date from300
Date to499
Dating criteria


Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The provenance is probably Oxyrhynchus.

Accession number

Vienna, Nationalbibliothek G 17983


Reference edition:

• Daniel, Robert Walter and Franco Maltomini. 1990. Supplementum Magicum I. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. 61-62, papyrus no. 22 and plate 3b.

Editio princeps:

• Sijpesteijn, Pieter J. 1970. "Ein christliches Amulett aus der Amsterdamer Papyrussammlung". Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 5. 57-59.

Additional bibliography:

• de Bruyn, Theodore S. and Jitse H. F. Dijkstra. 2011. "Greek Amulets and Formularies from Egypt Containing Christian Elements: A Checklist of Papyri, Parchments, Ostraka, and Tablets". Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 48. 192-193, papyrus no. 63.

• Frantz, M. A. 1929. “The Provenance of the Open Rho in the Christian Monograms”. American Journal of Archaeology 33. 10-26.

• Kiessling, Emil. 1971. Sammelbuch griechischer Urkunden aus Ägypten.Vol. 10. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. Record no. 10762.

• Marganne, Marie-Hélène. 1981. Inventaire analytique des papyrus grecs de médecine. Geneva: Librairie Droz. 405.

• Meyer, Marvin W. 1994. Ancient Christian magic. Coptic texts of ritual power. Meyer, Marvin and Richard Smith, eds. San Francisco. 12. 

• Salomons, R. P., Pieter J. Sijpesteijn, and K.A. Worp, eds. 1980. Die Amsterdamer Papyri I. Zutphen. Papyrus no. 26 and plat no. 13.

• Treu, Kurt. 1974. “Christliche Papyri IV.” Archiv für Papyrusforschung (AfP) 22-23. 368-395: 387.

• Treu, Kurt. 1984. “Christliche Papyri X.” Archiv für Papyrusforschung (AfP) 30. 121-128: 126.

• van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris. Description no. 849.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 555", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,