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ARTEFACT IDENTIFIERS

Artefact ID57
TM IDTM 107733
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
ClassTextual
MaterialPapyrus
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary
LanguageCoptic
Description

Codex Schoyen; Schmitz-Mink mae 2

Papyrus codex containing the gospel of Matthew in Coptic (Mesokemic corpus). Description from PAThs: The text opens at ch. 5:38 and goes more or less continuously to the end.

The codex is the earliest Matthew in any Coptic dialect. The 11 chapters, 6-9, 13-17, 22 and 28, and a great number of verses elsewhere, are in addition the earliest witnesses to these parts of the Bible. The text is unique, not following any Coptic nor Greek manuscripts known of Matthew. The earliest Matthew version of the Lord's Prayer are to be found in lines 13-19. The reasons of these peculiarities are largly debated.
Hans-Martin Schenke in his editio princeps of the text, has named the manuscript Codex Schøyen, with the siglum Mae 2. (siglum Mae 1 being the Scheide Codex of 5th c.) His conclusions are that the text is not representing a free text transmission in relation to all the other extant Greek and Coptic manuscripts of Matthew, but that it is a correct translation of an entirely different Gospel of Matthew. Not all scholars agree with him.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Coptic language
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria-
Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Oslo, Private Collection Schøyen, MS 2650

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Editio Princeps

• Schenke, H.-M. 2000. "Das Matthäus-Evangelium in einer Variante des mittelägyptischen Koptisch auf Papyrus (Codex Schøyen)." Enchoria, Zeitschrift für Demotistik und Koptologie 26: 88-107.

Additional Bibliography

• Boismard, Marie-Emile. 2003. L'évangile selon Matthieu d'aprés le papyrus copte de la collection Shoyen : analyse littéraire. Cahiers de la Revue Biblique. Paris: J. Gabalda.

• Schenke, H.-M. 2001. Coptic Papyri, I. Manuscripts in The Schøyen Collection Volume 2. Oslo.

Authors
Mary Jane Cuyler, Victor Ghica, 2020, 2021
Suggested citation
Mary Jane Cuyler, Victor Ghica, 2020, 2021, "Artefact ID 57", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt, https://4care-skos.mf.no/artefacts/57
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