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Artefact ID612
TM IDTM 748618
Findspot (DEChriM ID)19   (Biʾr Šawīš)
ClassCooking/table/transport/storage ware, Textual
Writing mediumDipinto
Text contentDocumentary

I.BirShawish 2; SEG LXIII 1662: Table amphora with personal names.

Wine flask, produced locally from fairly fine sandy local clay of pinkish color, with red slip.

Middle and lower shoulder of the convex side is inscribed: 3 lines with the names Petros, Papnouthis and Petros.

One Papnouthis priest appears in O.BirShawish 18 and O.BirShawish 50.

Selection criteriaChristian onomastics
Date from300
Date to450
Dating criteria

Archaeological context (House 3) and possible archive connection (Abraham son of Jacob) point to a 375-425 range.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

House 3, Room 12 SU 2

Accession number

El-Bawiti, Museum number unknown; Biʾr Šawīš, excavation no. 37/BS/07.


Reference edition

• Dospěl, Marek. 2020. Ostraka and Other Inscribed Material from Bīr Shawīsh, Small Oasis. Excavation Seasons 2005 and 2007. Ann Arbor: The American Society of Papyrologists, 106, no. 2.

First publication

• Dospěl, Marek. 2013. "Written, Inscribed and Some Decorated Material from Bir Shawish, El-Hayz Oasis." In Bahriya Oasis; Recent Research into the Past of an Egyptian Oasis edited by M. Dospěl and L. Siková. Prague, 103-105.

Additional bibliography

• Delattre, A., J. Dijkstra and J. van der Vliet. 2014. "Christian Inscriptions from Egypt and Nubia 1." Bulletin of American Society of Papyrologists 51, 199-215.

Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021, "Artefact ID 612", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,