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Artefact ID632
TM IDTM 61703
Findspot (DEChriM ID)-   ()
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Mich. III 138;  𝔓38; Gregory-Aland P38; NT38

Fragment containing Luke, the Acts of the Apostles 18:27-19:6 and 19:12-16.

The fragment consists of 3 smaller pieces, which were later joined together to form a folio. The ref. ed. assigns the text to the Western type, as the text agrees largely with the codex Bezae (5th to mid-7th c., Berytos). The original folio is estimated to have measured 25 x 15 cm and contained 37 lines per page, of which 21 lines of the recto (Luk 18:27-19:6) and verso (Luk 19:12-16) have been preserved. For punctuation, the text makes use of high-points and there occur several diaereses. A rough breathing appears once, in l. 14 of the verso.

A multitude of nomina sacra appear throughout the text.

The page number ΝΘ ("59") is visible on the verso, indicating that the codex perhaps contained only the Acts.

The hand is described as an "excellent bookhand" by the ref. ed., and the scribe differentiated between thick and thin strokes. The style resembles a late stage in the Severe style. The text is somewhat effaced.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Nomina sacra
Date from250
Date to350
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Placed in the 3rd c. by the ref. ed. (and the first half of the 3rd in the ed. pr.), but described as belonging to the 4th c. in the purchase details of the fragment; see ed. pr.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The provenance is possibly in the Arsinoites (Fayûm), as was the provenance of many of the documents contained in the purchased lot. The fragments were acquired in Cairo in 1924, and alottet by H. I. Bell to the contributing institutions; see ref. ed.

Accession number

Ann Arbor, Michigan University, Library P. 1571.


Reference edition:

∙ Sanders, Henry A. 1936. Michigan Papyri III: Miscellaneous Papyri. Winter, J. G. et al., eds. Ann Arbor (Michigan). 14-19, papyrus no. 138.

Editio princeps:

 ∙ Sanders, Henry A. 1927. "A Papyrus Fragment of Acts in the Michigan Collection". Harvard Theological Review 20 (1). 1-20.

Additional bibliography:

· Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Neues Testament 38.

∙ Clarysse, Willy and Pasquale Orsini. 2012. "Early new testament manuscripts and their dates: A critique of theological palaeography". Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 88. 443-474.

∙ Clark, A C. 1927. "The Michigan Fragment of Acts". JTS 29: 18–28.

∙ ———. 1933. The Acts of the Apostles. A critical edition with Introduction and Notes on selected passages.Oxford: Clarendon Press. 220-225.

∙ Comfort, Philip W. and David P. Barrett. 1999. The complete text of the earliest New Testament manuscripts. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 134-136.

∙ Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom). Wien-Würzburg: Echter. 4013-4024, no. 2.32.

∙ Lagrange, M.-J. 1927. "Un nouveau papyrus contenant un fragment des Actes". Revue Biblique 36. 549–560.

∙ New, Silva. 1933. "The Michigan Papyrus Fragment 1571". Beginnings of Christianity V. Lake, Kirsopp and H.J. Cadbury, eds. London. 262-268.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 632", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,