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Artefact ID638
TM IDTM 62051
Findspot (DEChriM ID)31   (Dayr al-Balāyza)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Bal. I 2; P.Bodl. I 1

Parchment fragment from a miniature codex containing Exodus 4:4-6.

The folio measures 8.9 x 7 cm, and preserves 12 lines of text (in one column) on both recto and verso. The text contains several diaereses and nomina sacra.

A numerical delta occurs above the column on the recto, numbering the quire (there are no page numbers on the fragment); see ed. pr.

The text agrees largely with Codex B, from which it diverges in two variants:

Ex 4:5: κ(υριό)ς ὁ θ(εό)ς in agreement with A, F and M against Codex B ὁ θ(εό)ς.
Ex 4:6: τὴ χεῖρα (with MSS b and w) against Codices A and B, which add αὐτοῦ. 

The hand is described as a sloping, formal majuscule ("squared" added in ed. pr.)

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Nomina sacra
Date from300
Date to499
Dating criteria

Palaeography. The ed. pr. places the fragment in the 4th c. or (more probably) 5th c.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Provenance is the Abba Apollō monastērion (Dayr al-Balāyza)

Accession number

Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Gr. bib. g. 2 (P) [S.C. 35214].


Editio princeps: 

∙ Kahle, Paul E. 1954. P. Bala'izah: Coptic Texts from Deir el-Bala'izah in Upper Egypt. 2 vols. London. 297-298, no. 2 and plate no. I.5.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Salomons, Robert P. 1996. Papyri Bodleianae I. Stud.Amst. XXXIV. Amsterdam. 1, no. 1 (P. Bodl. I 1).

∙ Rahlfs, Alfred and Detlef Fraenkel. 2004 (1914). Verzeichnis der griechischen Handschriften des Alten Testaments. Göttingen. 282, descr. no. 843 .

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris, no. 31 descr.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 638", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,