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Artefact ID639
TM IDTM 64431
Findspot (DEChriM ID)12   (Ismant al-Ḫarāb)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary
LanguageGreek, Syriac

P.Kellis 5;  P.Kell. Syr. / Gr. 1

Parchment fragment from a codex containing possibly a Manichean religious text written in Greek and Syriac. 

The text is arranged in 4 columns on each side of the page. The first two columns of the recto appear to be written in Syriac, the following column in Geeek. The fourth is not legible. On the verso, only the third column is readable, and it is written in Syriac. There is a supralinear numeral (in Greek) on the verso, marking the page number: it marks the verso as page "408". On the verso, in col. iii l. 4, there appears a number "42", perhaps indicating a number and/or title of the chapter; see ed. pr.

It is not clear if the folio offers translations of the same text in Greek and Syriac, nor is the relationship between the languages/columns apparent. 

The script is described as fine, and the codex is apparantly a fine production. The context and format, according to the ed. pr., indicate a Manichean text.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Non-canonical)
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography and the possible connection to Manichaeism. No description of the hand is given in the ed. pr. (other than a note on the quality as "fine").

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The provenance is Kellis (Ismant al-Ḫarāb), in "house no. 3", room 7 and level 1 of the excavation site.

Accession number

Egypt, Ismant al-Ḫarāb, excavations Dakleh Oasis Project 1986-, house 3, no. A/5/26.


Reference edition:

∙ Franzmann, Majella. 1999. Papyri from Kellis V: Coptic Documentary Texts from Kellis I. Gardner, Iain and A. Alcock and W.-P. Funk with a contribution by C.A. Hope and G.E. Bowen. Oxbow. 358-359.

Editio princeps:

∙ Franzmann, Majella and Iain Gardner. 1996. Papyri from Kellis II: Kellis Literary Texts. Gardner, I. with contributions by S. Clackson, M. Franzmann and K.A. Worp. Oxbow.  129-131, "P.Kell. Syr./Gr. 1" and plate no. 20.

Sofia Heim, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2022
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2022, "Artefact ID 639", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links