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Artefact ID641
TM IDTM 145321
Findspot (DEChriM ID)-   ()
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentLiterary

Aegyptus 98 (2018): 96-105; ZPE 183 (2012): 227-233.

Papyrus fragment containing Matthew 22:15-20, 21-22 and 35 with commentary. The text was written on the blank side (verso) of TM 145320 (a petition from the second half of the 3rd c., Oxyrhynchus).

The fragment measures 11 x 5.2 cm, and contains 11 lines of text written in one column.

The specific verses from the Gospel of Matthew contain the disputes of Jesus with the Pharisees and scribes: the disputes with the Sadducees (22:23-33) have been omitted. Each passage is followed by a brief exegesis, which suggests that the text belonged to a collection of scholia; see ed. pr.

The author of this partial commentary/part of scholia remains unknown. 

There are frequent suspentions and contractions of words both in the quotationas as well as in the exegetic text. These are marked by slashes or horizontal lines, and this type of abbreviation indicates a date in the 3rd c.

Punctuation appears in the form of elevated dots, and there are several rough breathings in the text (see l. 3, 5, 7 and 8). The text also contains nomina sacra.

The biblical quotes are written in ekthesis (see l. 1, 3, 8 and 9). The ed. pr. notes that the ekthesis-arrangement does not necessarily agree with the beginning of the quotation (see l. 7 and 8).

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Literary genre (Theological), Nomina sacra, Biblical quote or paraphrase
Date from250
Date to350
Dating criteria

Palaeography. The ed. pr. places the exegesis in the 3rd c., yet gives an ultimo comparandum of P.Col. X 283 (loan-contract from after 306; Oxyrhynchos).

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The provenance is possibly the Oxyrhynchos (al-Bahnasā); see ref. ed. The ed. pr. lists the provenance as unknown. The fragments were acquired for the University of Michigan in July 1925 by Dr. Askren and Prof. Boak.

Accession number

Ann Arbor, Michigan University, Library P. 4157 a Vo + P. 4170 a Vo


Reference edition:

∙ Stroppa, Marco. 2018. Aegyptus 98. 96-105.

Editio princeps:

∙ Caldwell, Robert C. and Nikos Litinas. 2012. "P.Mich. invs. 4157a + 4170a Petition and Exegetical Text on Matthew". Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 183. 229-233.

Additional bibliography.

∙ Stroppa, M. 2019. Scribes and their remains. Evans, C.A. and J.J.Johnston, eds. London / New York: T & T Clark. 298-299.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 641", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,