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Artefact ID68
TM IDTM 107816
Findspot (DEChriM ID)31   (Dayr al-Balāyza)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Bal. I 7

"Two parchment fragments forming a single leaf containing II (IV) Kings XIV, 17-22, 24, 25, 27-29, XVIII, 13-23 and four small unidentified fragments" (Kahle 1954, 322) written in Coptic (Sahidic dialect).  

Schüssler 2012, sa 137:

MS Copt. d. 12/1 (P)a (= 4 Rg 14,17-19.20*.21-22.24-25.27-29)
MS Copt. d. 12/1 (P)b (= 4 Rg 17,13-17.18-23)
MS Copt. d. 12/2 (P)c.d.e.f (= 3 Rg 4,11-13.15-19)

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Coptic language
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria


Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

All of the material published by Kahle in 1954 was excavated in early 1907 at a monastery of Saint Apollo under the direction of Flinders Petrie (Kahle 1954, 2-3). There were no records indicating precise find-spots of the manuscripts, Crum states that they were scattered “around the ruin” and that they were “clearly the débris of the monastic library and charter room” (Crum 1907, 39).

Accession number

Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Copt. d. 12 (1-2)


Editio Princeps

• Kahle, Paul Eric. 1954. Bala’izah I. Coptic Texts from from Deir el-Bala’izah in Upper Egypt. Oxford: The Griffith Institute & Oxford University Press, 322-327.

Additional Bibliography

• Crum, Walter Ewing. 1907. "The Coptic Manuscripts." In Gizeh and Rifeh. British School of Archaeology in Egypt and Egyptian Research Account, edited by Flinders Petrie, 39-43. London: School of Archaeology in Egypt.

• Schüssler, Karlheinz (†). 2012. Das sahidische Alte und Neue Testament sa 121–184, bearbeitet von Frank Feder und Hans Förster, Biblia Coptica: Die koptischen Bibeltexte II/1. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 52-53 [Sa 137].

Mary Jane Cuyler, Victor Ghica, 2020, 2021
Suggested citation
Mary Jane Cuyler, Victor Ghica, 2020, 2021, "Artefact ID 68", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,