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Artefact ID689
TM IDTM 34122
Findspot (DEChriM ID)2   (Šams al-Dīn)
Writing mediumGraffito
Text contentSubliterary

I.Oasis p. 43, no. 66; SB XX 14817; SEG XXVI 1784: Invocation.

Four lines written within a frame. Double invocation to God and Christ (with nomen sacrum) to protect and keep the Latopolitans (i.e. Equites sagittarii indigenae, in Esna, according to the Not. Dign. Or. XXXI, 28) and their animals: ὁ Χ(ριστὸ)ς αὐτοῦ συντήρησ̣ο̣[ν] κ̣α̣ὶ̣ διαφύλαξαι τοῖς Λατωπολ[ίταις] μετὰ καὶ τῶν ζῴων ἑαυτῶν. One of these Latopolitan soldiers left an inscription in Dūš, see I.Oasis p. 59-60, no. 1.

Selection criteriaChristian terms/formulas/concepts, Nomina sacra, Archaeological context associated with Christian markers
Date from363
Date to380
Dating criteria

Palaeography, archaeological context (Wagner 1987: 27 and 182) and prosopographic cross-referencing with the O.Douch / O.Waqfa.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Vestibule of the church, on the western part of the north wall. Worp 2011/2012: 237 and Panegyres 2019: 169 should thus be corrected.

Accession number

Šams al-Dīn, in situ


Editio princeps

• Wagner, Guy. 1987. Les oasis d'Egypte à l'époque grecque, romaine et byzantine d'après les documents grecs. Le Caire: Ifao, 43, no. 66.

Additional bibliography

• Panegyres, Konstantine. 2019. “(Δια)φυλάσσω + Dat.: A Footnote.” Analecta Papyrologica 31 (2019), 169.

• Worp, Klaas. 2011/2012. “(Δια)φυλάσσω + Dat.: A Linguistic Regionalism in Inscriptions from Christian Egypt?” Analecta papyrologica 23/24 (2011/2012), 237.

Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2023
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2023, "Artefact ID 689", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links