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Artefact ID698
TM IDTM 102986
Findspot (DEChriM ID)15   (al-Baǧawāt)
ClassFunerary element, Textual
Writing mediumDipinto

I.Oasis p. 69 no. 11a; SEG XXXVIII 1708: Liturgical formula.

On the western façade, painted in red on the plaster inside the arch, written in a fine uncial with apices: "Have mercy on me". Invocation found both in Psalm 50 and in the New Testament.

On the eastern wall of the facade, in the same hand, see Cipriano 2003: 279.

Inside the same chapel, see I.Oasis p. 69 no. 12 and I.Oasis p. 69 no. 13.

Selection criteriaSubliterary genre (Liturgical), Biblical quote or paraphrase, Archaeological context associated with Christian markers
Date from350
Date to499
Dating criteria

Form, content and position make this dipinto likely to be part of the original chapel. Dated 5th c. by Cipriano 2003: 278 but the architectural type of the chapel might indicate an earlier date.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Chapel no. 53, one of the oldest square domed type (type 4), opening south (Fakhry 1951: 125).

Accession number

Al-Baǧawāt, in situ (Chapel no. 53 / Roquet, Ghica no. 28.01)


Reference publication

• Cipriano, Giuseppina. 2003. El-Bagawat. Un cimitero paleocristiano nellʼalto Egitto. Rivista di archeologia cristiana 79: 278-280.

Editio princeps

• Wagner, Guy. 1987. Les oasis dʼÉgypte à lʼépoque grecque, romaine et byzantine dʼaprès les documents grecs. Le Caire: Ifao, 69, no. 11a.

Additional bibliography

• De Bock, W. 1901. Matériaux pour servir à lʼarchéologie de lʼÉgypte chrétienne. St. Petersbourg, 13.

• Fakhry, Ahmed. 1951. The Necropolis of El-Bagawat in Kharga Oasis. Cairo: Government press, no. 53.

• Pleket, H.W. and Stroud, R.S. 1988. “SEG 38-1697-1725. Khargeh Oasis (Bagawat). Inscriptions, graffiti, funerary stelai.” In Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, Current editors: A. T. E. N. Chaniotis Corsten Stavrianopolou Papazarkadas. Consulted online (2021).

Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 698", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links