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Artefact ID705
TM IDTM 61823
Findspot (DEChriM ID)-   ()
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

Gregory-Aland P25; 𝔓25; NT25

Papyrus fragment from a codex containing the Second Gospel of Matthew 18 - 19.

The fragment measures 10 x 22 cm, and the text is arranged in two columns per page. Recto preserves 9 lines in both col. i and col. ii, while the verso preserves 8 lines in col. i and 9 lines in col. ii. The size of the folio is estimated to have been 25 x 24 cm originally, with 23-25 lines of text per column.

The hand is described by the ed. pr. as a biblical majuscule, which he placed in the 5/6th c. For punctuation, the scribe made use of high-dots. The text also contains several diaereses and nomina sacra.

The fragment was first understood by the ed. pr. to be a copy of the Greek Diatessaron by Tatian. The content was later identified as Matt 18-19 (passim) corrupted by Tatianian glosses; see Peters 1940: 51-55. The text can be classified as a diatessaric type, and the passages preserved are Matt 18:32-34; 19:1-3, 5-7, and  9-10 with Tatianian glosses.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Nomina sacra
Date from375
Date to499
Dating criteria

Palaeography. The ed. pr. placed the fragment in 5/6th c. Aland settled for 375-400 whereas Jaroš 2006 suggested 275-325. It has since been assessed to belong to the second half of the 5th c. by W. Clarysse and P. Orsini; see Clarysse / Orsini (2012): 463 and 470.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Provenance is unknown. The fragment was acquired by Carl Schmidt in 1937.

Accession number

Berlin, Staatliche Museen, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung P. 16388.


Editio princeps:

· Stegmüller, Otto. 1938. "Ein Bruchstück aus dem griechischen Diatessaron". Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 37. 223-229 and 246.

Additional bibliography:

· Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Neues Testament 25.

∙ Clarysse, Willy and Pasquale Orsini. 2012. "Early new testament manuscripts and their dates: A critique of theological palaeography". Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 88. 443-474.

∙ Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom). Wien-Würzburg: Echter. 3843-3848, no. 2.15.

∙ Orsini, Pasquale, and Edoardo Crisci, eds. 2005. Manoscritti in maiuscola biblica: materiali per un aggiornamento. Cassino: Università degli Studi di Cassino. Descr. 52-53.

∙ Peters, C. 1940. "Ein neues Fragment der griechischen Diatessaron?" Biblica 21. 51-55.

∙ Turner, Eric G. 1977. The Typology of the Early Codex. University of Pennsylvania Press. 146, record no. P25.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Description no. 367.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 705", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,