|Findspot (DEChriM ID)||15 (al-Baǧawāt)||Class||Funerary element, Textual|
Dome of the "Chapel of Peace": Best known chapel called after the allegory of Peace painted as a woman holding a crux ansata in her right hand and a sceptre upright in her left hand as part of the fine decorative program of the dome. Other subjects painted are common biblical or allegorical ones, except one Egyptian subject: Thekla and Paul – Thekla being the only Egyptian Christian saint painted in three different chapels of al-Baǧawāt.
Every painted scene has over it a legend painted in white on a red band, written in square angular letters: Adam / Eva; Abraam / Isak / Sara ; Eirene (Peace); Daniel ; Dikaiosyne (Justice); Euche (Prayer); Jakob; Noah (with the Arch); Maria (annunciation scene); Paul / Thekla.
The Chapel seems to have been always accessible to visitors who came to look at the paintings of the dome and left many graffiti in Greek, Coptic and Arabic – but always preserving the paintings.
|Selection criteria||Christian terms/formulas/concepts, Christian symbols/gestures/isopsephy, Biblical quote or paraphrase|
Dated on art historical considerations to 4th, 5th (or 6th c.). More recently Cipriano 2003: 235 suggested the first half of the 5th c. while Bowen 2014 favored 4th c. in comparison with the large church in Kellis.
|Absolute/relative date||Relative date|
Small Chapel belonging to the square oldest type (Type 4) according to Fakhry's classification.
Al-Baǧawāt, in situ (Chapel no. 80 / Chapel of Peace).