|TM ID||TM 61462|
|Findspot (DEChriM ID)||- ()||Class||Textual|
P.Beatty VIII 12 (XII); P.ChesterBeatty VIII 12
Papyrus codex containing Henoch, Apocalypse of Enoch and Melito of Sardes, Homilia on Easter. All in all, 14 folios are preserved, comprising pages 15-42 of a codex with Christian theological texts. From the Apocalypse of Enoch, the verses 97:6-104 and 106-107:3 are preserved along with an end-title.
Folio 1 contains pages 15-16 (verso precedes recto; Beatty 100)
P. Mich. inv. 5552 (Enoch) contains folios 3 (13.6 x 23.4 cm, 41 lines on page 19 and 39 lines of page 20) and 5 (43 lines on page 23 and 44 lines on page 24). These two folios of Enoch contain chapters 100:1-101:7 and 103:14-106:7.
P. Mich. 5553 (Melito of Sardes) contains folios 7 (13.5 x 23.8 cm, 41 lines of page 27 and 42 lines on page 28), 9 (13.6 x 23.2 cm, 42 lines on page 31 and 37 lines on page 32), 10 (13.9 x 22.9 cm, 40 lines on page 33, and 38 lines on page 34) and 13 (13 x 22.9 cm, 40 lines on page 39 and 36 lines on page 40).
The arrangement of text appears to have been as such: the concluding chapters of the Book of Enoch occupied the first six folios (11 and a half pages). The remaining 8 folios (including half of page 26 of folio 6) are occupied by the Homily on Easter by Melito of Sardes, which is introduced by the title Μαλείτων. Two additional folios (Beatty 185) present the text of the Apocryphon of Ezekiel. Parts of these works were previously known only through Latin, Ethiopic and Syriac traditions; see VanHaelst 1976: 679.
The codex is estimated to have measured 27 x 13.5 cm originally.
All three works, as well as the minor corrections, appear to have been written by the same scribe. The hand is described as a crude, but clear uncial, indicating that the scribe was not very practised. This is apparent i.a. in the variation of size and spacing of the letters. Although elision occurs frequently (there is an apparent attempt to avoid hiatus thoughout the text), it is indicated by apostrophe only once. There are no accents or breathings in the text. A strong form of punctuation appears in two places, where it is indicated by an enlarged space as well as a siglum marking the paragraph. The text contains diaereses (also internally in Μωϋσες and Ἠσαϊας, but additionally above the iota of the dative Μωϋσεϊ), and there appear several of the usual nomina sacra.
|Selection criteria||Literary genre (Biblical), Literary genre (Non-canonical), Literary genre (Theological), Nomina sacra|
Palaeography. The hand is dated to the 4th c.; see the ed. pr. and the ref. ed., which is supported by Kenyon (Kenyon 1931) and Turner (Turner, Eric G. 1977. The Typology of the Early Codex. University of Pennsylvania Press.
|Absolute/relative date||Relative date|
The provenance of the fragments is uncertain; see Kenyon 1931: 13.
The P.Mich. inv. 5552 and 5553 were acquired by Mr. Peterson in the Fayûm in 1930, while the P.Beatty fragments (100-185 passim) were part of an acquisition by Sir Chester Beatty in 1930-31.
Aphroditopolis (Atfih, by Schmidt), Upper Egypt or Panopolis (by Sanders) and the Arsinoites (Fayûm, by Kilpatrick) are mentioned as a possible provenance; see the overview of Van Haelst 1976: 30.
Ann Arbor, Michigan University, Library P. 5552 + P. 5553, + Dublin, Chester Beatty Library P.Bibl. 12 (previously: Ac. 100, 167 - 173, and 185).