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Artefact ID80
TM IDTM 107741
Findspot (DEChriM ID)34   (Ǧabal al-Ṭārif)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

Nag Hammadi Codex I; Jung Codex

Papyrus codex containing a variety of Gnostic texts in Coptic (Sahidic and L6 dialects), said to have been discovered along with 12 other codices in an area near Nag Hammadi, although the precise context and circumstance of their discovery in 1945 remains unclear (e.g. Nongbri 2018, 108-115). The contents of Nag Hammadi Codex I include:
pp. A-B (NHC I, 1): Oratio Pauli (Prayer of the Apostle Paul; CC 0685), maybe written later than the rest, on the first blank and not paginated leaves of the codex; at the end, one crux ansata between two crosses, and below them, a chrism in the sequence "Holy Christ" (ὁ Χρ(ιστὸς) ἅγιος) (mentioned by Aland 1964: 3 and Hurtado 2006: 207 and n. 36).
pp. 1-16 (NHC I, 2): Epistula Iacobi (Apocryphon of James; CC 0659);
pp. 16-43 (NHC I, 3): Evangelium Veritatis (Gospel of Truth; CC 0667);
pp. 43-50 (NHC I, 4): Epistula ad Rheginum / De Resurrectione (Tractate on Resurrection; CC 0657), copied by a second hand;
pp. 51-140 (NHC I, 5): Tractatus Tripartitus (Tripartite Tractate; CC 0663);
pp. 141-142: probably left blank.

Use of the staurogram as an abbreviation in the word stauros (s7os) in the Gospel of Truth (see Aland 1964: 3 and Hurtado 2006: 207 and n. 36).

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Non-canonical), Christian symbols/gestures/isopsephy, Nomina sacra, Coptic language
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography, codicology

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Cairo, Coptic Museum NH 10554, 10589-1059, 11640, 11597 [Codex Jung].


Editio Princeps 

•Attridge, Harold, ed. 1985. Nag Hammadi Codex I (The Jung Codex). Introductions, Texts, Translations, Indices., Nag Hammadi Studies, vol. 22. Leiden: Brill. 

•Attridge, Harold, ed. 1985. Nag Hammadi Codex I (The Jung Codex). Notes. Leiden: Brill.

Additional Bibliography

•Aland, Kurt. 1964. "Neue Neutestamentliche Papyri II". New Testament Studies 11, 1-21.  

•Barnes, J.W.B., G.M. Browne, and J.C. Shelton. 1981. Nag Hammadi Codices. Greek and Coptic Papyri from the Cartonnage of the Covers. Nag Hammadi Studies.  Leiden: Brill.

•Hurtado, Larry W. 2006. "The staurogram in early Christian manuscripts: The earliest visual reference to the crucified Jesus?" In New Testament Manuscripts:  Their Text and Their World, ed. Thomas J. Kraus and Tobias Nicklas. Leiden, 207-226.

•Nongbri, Brent. 2018. God's Library: The Archaeology of the Earliest Christian Manuscripts.  New Haven Yale University Press, 108-115.

•Scholer, David. 1971. Nag Hammadi Bibliography, 1948-1969. Nag Hammadi Studies. Vol. 1, Leiden: Brill.

•Scholer, David. 1997. Nag Hammadi Bibliography 1970-1994. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies.  Leiden: Brill.

•Scholer, David, and Susan Wood. 2008. Nag Hammadi Bibliography 1995-2006. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies. Vol. 65, Leiden: Brill.

Mary Jane Cuyler, Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2020, 2021, 2022
Suggested citation
Mary Jane Cuyler, Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2020, 2021, 2022, "Artefact ID 80", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,