|Pleiades ID||861854258||PAThs ID||175|
|Modern name||ʿAyn al-Ǧadīda|
"ʿAyn el-Ǧadīda is located in the Dakhla Oasis of Upper Egypt, ca. 2.5 km northwest of the village of Ismant and ca. 5 km northwest of the ancient site of Kellis (Ismant al-Ḫarāb). The whole site is delimited to the north by the escarpment, which dramatically divides the Dakhla Oasis from the desert plateau, and to the east, south, and west by cultivated fields and patches of desert land.
- Nicola Aravecchia
The first work conducted on the site was a preliminary survey undertaken by the Dakhleh Oasis Project (DOP) in 1980. This was followed by excavations carried out by the Supreme Council of Antiquities from 1993 to 1995, directed by Kamel Bayoumi, which focused predominantly on Area A (S half of mound I). This was followed by excavations sponsored by Columbia University, which were carried out from 2006 to 2008, at which point management passed to New York University and two additional study seasons were conducted in 2009 and 2010. This work was directed by Roger Bagnall, with Nicola Aravecchia acting as field director. The work carried out by the American team expanded upon that conducted by the SCA in Area A, and expanded to Area B, with topographical surveys conducted on mounds II-V.
• Aravecchia, N. 2006. “Ain al Gadida 2006 Excavations: Field Director’s Report.” Accessed April 21, 2020. https://www.amheida.org/inc/pdf/Report2006AG.pdf
• Aravecchia, N. 2007. “Ain el-Gedida 2007 Excavations: Field Director’s Report.” Accessed April 21, 2020. https://www.amheida.org/inc/pdf/Report2007AG.pdf
• Aravecchia, N. 2008. “Ain el-Gedida 2008 Excavations: Field Director’s Report.” Accessed April 21, 2020. https://www.amheida.org/inc/pdf/Report2008AG.pdf
• Aravecchia, N. 2009a. “Ain el-Gedida 2009 Study Season: Field Director’s Report.” Accessed April 21, 2020. https://www.amheida.org/inc/pdf/Report2009AG.pdf
• Aravecchia, N. 2009b. "Christians of the Western Desert in Late Antiquity: the Fourth-Century Church Complex of ‘Ain el-Gedida, Upper Egypt." Ph.D. Dissertations, University of Minnesota.
• Aravecchia, N. 2010. “Ain el-Gedida 2010 Study Season: Field Director’s Report.” Accessed April 21, 2020. https://www.amheida.org/inc/pdf/Report2010AG.pdf
• Aravecchia, N. 2012. “The Church Complex of 'Ain el-Gedida, Dakhleh Oasis.” In The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis Project, edited by R.S. Bagnall, P. Davoli and C.A. Hope, 391-408. Oxford: Oxbow.
• Aravecchia, N. 2015. “Christianity at Trimithis and in the Dakhla Oasis.” In An Oasis City, edited by R. S. Bagnall, N. Aravecchia, R. Cribiore, P. Davoli, O. E. Kaper and S. McFadden, 119-148. New York: NYU Press.
• Aravecchia, N. 2018. Amheida IV. ‘Ain el-Gedida: 2006-2008 Excavations of a Late Antique Site in Egypt’s Western Desert. New York: New York University Press.
• Aravecchia, N. “Ain el-Gedida: Results from 2006 field season.“ Accessed April 13, 2020. https://www.amheida.org/inc/pdf/Aravecchia_2006.pdf
• Bayumi, K. 1998. “Excavations at ‘Ain al Gadida in the Dakhleh Oasis.” In Life on the Fringe. Living in the Southern Egyptian Deserts during the Roman and early-Byzantine Periods, edited by O. E. Kaper, 55-62. Leiden: Research School CNWS, School of Asian, African, and Amerindian Studies.
• Blondaux, L. 2008. Painted Plaster from ʿAin el-Gedida. Unpublished.
• Bowen, G. E. 2019. “Christianity in Dakhleh Oasis: An Archaeological Overview.” In The Oasis Papers 9, A tribute to Anthony J. Mills after Forty Years of Research in Dakhleh Oasis. Proceedings of the Ninth International conference of the Dakhleh Oasis Projects, edited by Gillian E. Bowen and Colin A. Hope, with the assistance of Bruce E. Parr, 369. Oxford and Philadelphia: Oxbow Books.
• Dixneuf, D. 2012. “Ceramics from ‘Ain el- Gedida, Dakhleh Oasis: Preliminary Results.” In The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis, edited by R. S. Bagnall, P. Davoli and C. A. Hope, 495-70. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
• Ghica, V. 2012. “Pour une histoire du christianisme dans le désert occidental d’Égypte.” Journal des Savants 2: 189-280.
• Ghica, V. 2016. “Vecteurs de la christianisation de l’Egypte au IVe siècle à la lumière des sources archéologiques.” In Acta XVI Congressus Internationalis Archaeologiae Christianae, Rome 22-28.9.2013, edited by Olof Brandt and Gabriele Castiglia, 241 and fig. 9f. Città del Vaticano: Pontificio Istituto di Archeologia Cristiana.
• Mills, A. J. and K. A. Worp. 2000. “A Poll Tax Receipt from el-Gedida (Dhakhleh Oasis).” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 133: 187-9.
• Pike, G. 2006. ‘Ain el-Gedida 2006: Pottery. Unpublished.