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Place names
GreekΠορφυρίτης | Πορφυρίτου ὄρος | Πορφυριτικὰ μέταλλα
Arabicجبل أبو دخان
EnglishPorphyrites | Porphyritou Oros | Porphyritika Metalla | Gebel Dokhan | Gebel Abu Dukhan | Wadi Maamal | Wadi Abu Maamel
French Mons Porphyrites | Gebel Abou Dokhan
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Site information
DEChriM ID65
Trismegistos GeoID2771
Pleiades ID766391
Ancient namePorphyritēs
Modern nameǦabal Abū Duḫān
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Date to-
Dating criteria-
Archaeological research

• Barron, T. and W. F. Hume. 1902. Topography and Geology of the Eastern Desert of Egypt – Central Portion, p. 27-28. Cairo: Egyptian Geological Survey.
• Bernard, A. 1977. Pan du désert, 44-77. Leiden: Brill.

• Brindley 1887. “Account of A Recent Visit to the Ancient Porphyry Quarries of Egypt.” Proceedings of the Royal Geographic Society 9: 692.
• Brindley 1888. “The Ancient Quarries of Egypt, With An Account of A Recent Journey Across the Eastern Desert.” Transactions of the Royal Institute of British Architects 4: 5-26.
• Burton, J. 1823. “Researches Along the Red Sea Etc.” Morning Chronicle 17,008, Oct 23rd.
• Couyat, J. 1909. “La route de Myos Hormos et les carrières de porphyre rouge.” Bulletin de l’institut français d’archéologie orientale 7: 1-19.
• Delbrueck, R. 1932. Antike Porphyrwerke. Berlin: De Gruyter.
• Delesse, A. 1850. “Sur le porphyre rouge antique.” Bulletin de la société géographique de France 2, 7: 524-540.
• Dubois, C. 1908. Étude sur l’administration et exploitation des carrières marbres, porphyre, granit, etc. dans le monde romain, p. 61-68. Paris: Fontemoing.
• Engelbach, R. 1931. “Notes of Inspection.” Annales du Service des Antiquités de l’Égypte 31: 132-143.
• Hékékyan Bey, J. 1848. “Notes on the Eastern Desert of Egypt, from Gebel Afrit, by the Ancient Porphyry Quarries of Gebel Dukhan, Near to the Old Station of Gebel Gir; with a Brief Account of the Ruins of Gebel Dukhan.” Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 17: 584-587.
• Klein, M. J. 1988. Untersuchungen zu den kaiserlichen Steinbrüchen an Mons Porphyrites und Mons Claudianus in der östlichen Wüste Ägyptens. Bonn: R Habelt.
• Kraus, T., Röder, J. and W. Müller-Weiner. 1967. “Mons Claudianus-Mons Porphyrites: Bericht über die zweite Forschungsreise 1964.“ Mitteilungen des deutschen archäologischen Instituts, Abt. Kairo 22: 108-205.
• Łajtar, A and E. Wipszycka. 1994. “Deux katholikai ekklêsiai dans le Mons Porphyrites.” Juristic Journal of Papyrology 24: 71-72.
• Lepsius, R. 1853. Letters from Egypt, Ethiopia, and the Peninsula of Sinai. London: Henry G. Bohn.
• Maxfield, V. 2001. “Stone Quarrying in the Eastern Desert with Particular Reference to Mons Claudianus and Mons Porphyrites.” In Economies Beyond Agriculture in the Classical World, edited by D. J. Mattingly and J. Salmon, 143-170. London: Routledge.
• Maxfield, V. and D. Peacock. eds. 2001. The Roman Imperial Quarries: Survey and Excavation at Mons Porphyrites 1994-1998, vol. 1. Topography and Quarries. London: Egypt Exploration Society.
• Maxfield, V. and D. Peacock. eds. 2008. The Roman Imperial Quarries: Survey and Excavation at Mons Porphyrites 1994-1998, vol. 2. The Excavations, edited by D. Peacock and V. Maxfield, 397-411. London: Egypt Exploration Society.
• Meredith, D. W. 1952. “Roman Remains in the Eastern Desert of Egypt.” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 38: 94-111.
• Meredith, D. W. 1953. “Eastern Desert of Egypt: Notes on Inscriptions.” Chronique d’Égypte 28, 55: 126-141.
• Meredith, D. W. 1954. “Contributions to the Roman Archaeology of the Eastern Desert of Egypt.” Dissertation, University of London.
• Meredith, D. W. 1955. “Eastern Desert of Egypt: Notes on Inscriptions. Corrigenda.” Chronique d’Égypte 30: 127-129.
• Meredith, D. W. and L. A. Treganza. 1950. “Mons Porphyrites: The Northwest Village and Quarries.” University of Egypt Bulletin of the Faculty of Art 12: 131-147.
• Murray, G. W. 1925. “The Roman Roads with Stations in the Eastern Desert of Egypt.” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 11, 3/4: 138-150.
• Murray, G. W. 1946. “Porphyry.” Blackwood’s Magazine Oct.: 239-247.
• Murray, G. W. 1967. Dare me to the Desert, 115-129. New York: George Allen and Unwin.
• Scaife, C. H. O. 1933. “Note on a Visit to the Imperial Porphyry Quarries at Gebel Dokhan.” Bulletin of the Faculty of Arts Fouad I University 1.1: 144-145.
• Scaife, C. H. O. 1934. “A Note on Certain Inscriptions at Gebel Dokhan, and on a Small Station, Hitherto Unrecorded, on the Road from Kainopolis to Myos Hormos.” Bulletin of the Faculty of Arts Fouad I University 2, 1: 106-115.
• Scaife, C. H. O. 1935. “Two Inscriptions at Mons Porphyrites (Gebel Dokhan). Also A Description, with Plans, of the Station Between Kainopolis & Myos Hormos Together with Some Other Ruins in the Neighbourhood of Gebel Dokhan.” Bulletin of the Faculty of Arts Fouad I Unive3, 2: 58-164.
• Sheridan, J. A. and J. Roth. 1992. “Greek Ostraca from Mons Porphyrites (Gebel ‘Abu Dukhan).” The Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 29, 4: 117-126.
• Sidebotham, S. 1990. “Ship Graffiti from Mons Porphyrites.” Bulletin de l’institut français d’archéologie orientale 90: 339-345.
• Sidebotham, S. 1991. “Römischen Straßen in der ägyptischen Wüste.” Antike Welt 22, 3: 177-189.
• Sidebotham, S., R. E. Zitterkopf, and J. A. Riley. 1991. “Survey of the ’Abu Sha’ar–Nile Road.” American Journal of Archaeology 95: 571-622.
• Sidebotham, S. E., M. Hense, and H. M. Nouwens. 2008. The Red Land. The Illustrated Archaeology of Egypt’s Red Desert. Cairo, New York: The American University in Cairo Press.
• Stuart, V. 1910. “Gebel Dokhan.” Cairo Scientific Bulletin 4: 64-66.
• Tregenza, L. A. 1949. “Notes on the Inscriptions and Graffiti at Mons Claudianus and Mons Porphyrites and on the “Flavius” Stone in Wadi Qattar, Collected During A Visit to the S.E. Desert in the Summer of 1949.” Bulletin of the Faculty of Arts Fouad I University 11: 139-150.
• Tregenza, L. A. 1955. The Red Sea Mountains of Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
• Van Rengen, W. 1984. “Le graffite Pan 30 du Mons Poprphyrites.” Chronique d’Égypte 59: 3554.
• Van Rengen, W. 1995. “A New Paneion at Mons Porphyrites.” Chronique d’Égypte 70: 240-245.
• Villiers-Stuart, M. 1910. “Gebel Dokhan.” Cairo Scientific Journal 4: 64-66.
• Weigall, A. E. P. 1913. Travels in the Upper Egyptian Deserts, 90-114. Edinburgh, London: Blackwood and Sons.
• Wilkinson, J. G. 1832. “Notes on A Part of the Eastern Desert of Upper Egypt.” Journal of the Royal geographical Society of London 2: 28-60.

Victor Ghica, Rhiannon Williams, 2021
Suggested citation
Victor Ghica, Rhiannon Williams, 2021, "Ǧabal Abū Duḫān", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
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