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Artefact ID263
TM IDTM 61859
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. VII 1008 and 1009; Gregory-Aland P15; Gregory-Aland 𝔓15; Gregory-Aland 𝔓16; Gregory-Aland P16; NT15; NT16.

Two discontinuous (but found together) leaves from a papyrus codex, both foundational witnesses of two Paulus letters. 

The first one, P.Oxy. VII 1008 contains First Corinthians 7:18-8:4. The handwriting is a good-sized sloping uncial; with use of diacritics, punctuation, nomina sacra.

The second one, P.Oxy. VII 1009 contains Philippians 3:10-17, 4:2-8; the writing is smaller and ink brown instead of black. However, the formation of the letters is closely similar to P.Oxy. VII 1008, height and breadth of the column would be the same, and there is similar use of punctuation (blank spaces and not medial points).

The original codex size can be estimated to be 18 x 26 cm (Blumell/Wayment 2015: 107).

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Nomina sacra
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria


Dated to the late 4rd c. by the ed. pr. For the most recent date, see Clarysse / Orsini 2012: 469.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The fragment was found in al-Bahnasā (Oxyrhynchos) during the excavations of Bernard Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt. The two leaves were discovered together with a Callimachus papyrus codex (P.Oxy. VII 1011; 4th century), which also points to a date in the 4/5 c. according to the ed. pr.

Accession number

Alexandria, Bibliotheca Alexandrina 543 + 544.


Editio princeps:

· Hunt, Arthur S. 1910. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part VII. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 4-11, no. 1008-1009.

Additional bibliography:

· Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Neues Testament 15 and 16.

· Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrhynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no. 30.

· Clarysse, Willy and Pasquale Orsini. 2012. "Early new testament manuscripts and their dates: A critique of theological palaeography". Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 88. 443-474.

· Comfort, Philip W. 1999. "New Reconstructions and Identifications of New Testament Papyri". Novum Testamentum 41 (3). 214-30.

· Comfort, Philip W. and David P. Barrett. 1999. The complete text of the earliest New Testament manuscripts. Grand Rapids, Michigan. 83-90.

· Jaroš, Karl. 2006. Das Neue Testament nach den ältesten griechischen Handschriften (CD-Rom) 4154-4170, no. 2.41 and 4205-4219, no. 2.44.

· Luijendijk, AnneMarie. 2010. "Sacred Scriptures as Trash: Biblical Papyri from Oxyrhynchus". Vigiliae Christianae 64. 217-254.

· van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris. Description no. 505 and 524.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 263", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,