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Artefact ID282
TM IDTM 32408
Findspot (DEChriM ID)34   (Ǧabal al-Ṭārif)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

P.Nag Hamm. 66: Business letter.

Letter from Patese to Arabas mostly dealing with sheep and wool. "Greetings in the Lord".

Recto: text written along the fibres. Verso blank.

Selection criteriaNomina sacra, Archaeological context associated with Christian markers
Date from325
Date to375
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Also, other waste papyri recovered from the same cartonnage used to construct the Nag Hammadi codex VII include contracts dated 341, 346 and 348 (PNH 65).

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The leather covers of eight of the twelve Nag Hammadi codices found in a sealed jar by Egyptian agricultural workers in 1945 (see ID 23) had been strengthened by cartonnage made of waste papyri. This papyrus comes from the richest of these cartonnages, codex VII.

Accession number

Cairo, Coptic Museum Nag Hamm. VII 5 - 6 c


Editio princeps:

• Barns, J.W.B., G.M. Browne and J.C. Shelton (ed.). 1981. Nag Hammadi Codices. Greek and Coptic Papyri from the Cartonnage of the Covers. Nag Hammadi Studies XVI. Leiden, 59-60: no. 66.

Additional bibliography:

• Bagnall, Roger. 2018. "The Educational and Cultural Background of Egyptian Monks." In Monastic Education in Late Antiquity, Lilian Larsen and Samuel Rubenson (ed.), Cambridge.

• Litinas, Nikos. 2020. "Some thoughts concerning semantic parallels in 20th century Crete and in Graeco-Roman Egypt." Chronique d'Egypte 95. 145-150: 148-149.

van Minnen, Peter. 2014. "Notes on papyri: P.Nag Hamm. 66." Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists (BASP) 51, 196-197.

Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 282", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links