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Artefact ID289
TM IDTM 32643
Findspot (DEChriM ID)25   (Aḫmīm)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

SB XXIV 16000; SB VIII 9902; P.Berl.Bork.: Topographical survey of real estate.

Roll register listing over 23 columns all private and public buildings in a city (probably Panopolis) with the names of owners and tenants, and their occupation. Among them, six deacons (with pagan names) and 8 people with names suggestive of Christianity (Theodoros, Theophilos, Theognostos, Theoteknos, Theodora, Senpenouthes, Maria, etc.) out of 350 landholders.

Contains one of the earliest mentions of a Christian church (l. 103: οἰκία ἤτοι ἐκκλισίας (l. ἐκκλησίας), with P.Oxy. I 43 verso (295-305?, Oxyrhynchos).

Recto: cursive handwriting, written along the fibres. Verso: blank.

Selection criteriaMention of Christian cult officials/institutions, Christian onomastics
Date from298
Date to325
Dating criteria

Palaeographically dated to c. 250 in ed. pr. but date revised in Thomas 1970: 177-181 with arguments based on terminology, prosopography and institutions mentioned in the document.  His conclusions indicate a data after 298, perhaps in the earlier years of 4th c.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Geneva, Bibliothèque P. Gr. 108 (fr. 1-20) + Berlin, Staatliche Museen, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung P. 16365


Reference edition:

• Borkowski, Zbigniew. 1975. Une description topographique des immeubles à Panopolis. Warsaw.

Editio princeps:

• Martin, Victor. 1962. Recherches de papyrologie 2, p. 39-40

Additional bibliography:

• Bagnall, Roger S. 1987. "Conversion and onomastics: A Reply". Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 69, 246.

• Macquarie University. 2005. Papyri from the Rise of Christianity in Egypt. Conspectus of texts, no. 10; 11; 37.

• Thomas, J.David. 1970. "Chronological Notes on Documentary Papyri." Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 6, 175-182.

Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 289", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,